Reference documentation for deal.II version GIT 7bd1c95dbb 2022-06-29 20:50:01+00:00
FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType > Class Template Reference

#include <deal.II/matrix_free/fe_evaluation.h>

Inheritance diagram for FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >:
[legend]

## Public Types

using BaseClass = FEEvaluationAccess< dim, n_components_, Number, false, VectorizedArrayType >

using number_type = Number

using value_type = typename BaseClass::value_type

using hessian_type = Tensor< 1, n_components_, Tensor< 2, dim, VectorizedArrayType > >

using NumberType = VectorizedArrayType

using ScalarNumber = typename internal::VectorizedArrayTrait< VectorizedArrayType >::value_type

## Public Member Functions

FEEvaluation (const MatrixFree< dim, Number, VectorizedArrayType > &matrix_free, const unsigned int dof_no=0, const unsigned int quad_no=0, const unsigned int first_selected_component=0, const unsigned int active_fe_index=numbers::invalid_unsigned_int, const unsigned int active_quad_index=numbers::invalid_unsigned_int)

FEEvaluation (const MatrixFree< dim, Number, VectorizedArrayType > &matrix_free, const std::pair< unsigned int, unsigned int > &range, const unsigned int dof_no=0, const unsigned int quad_no=0, const unsigned int first_selected_component=0)

FEEvaluation (const Mapping< dim > &mapping, const FiniteElement< dim > &fe, const Quadrature< 1 > &quadrature, const UpdateFlags update_flags, const unsigned int first_selected_component=0)

FEEvaluation (const FiniteElement< dim > &fe, const Quadrature< 1 > &quadrature, const UpdateFlags update_flags, const unsigned int first_selected_component=0)

FEEvaluation (const FiniteElement< dim > &fe, const FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType, false > &other, const unsigned int first_selected_component=0)

FEEvaluation (const FEEvaluation &other)

FEEvaluationoperator= (const FEEvaluation &other)

void reinit (const unsigned int cell_batch_index)

void reinit (const std::array< unsigned int, VectorizedArrayType::size()> &cell_ids)

template<bool level_dof_access>
void reinit (const TriaIterator< DoFCellAccessor< dim, dim, level_dof_access >> &cell)

void reinit (const typename Triangulation< dim >::cell_iterator &cell)

void evaluate (const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags evaluation_flag)

void evaluate (const bool evaluate_values, const bool evaluate_gradients, const bool evaluate_hessians=false)

void evaluate (const VectorizedArrayType *values_array, const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags evaluation_flag)

void evaluate (const VectorizedArrayType *values_array, const bool evaluate_values, const bool evaluate_gradients, const bool evaluate_hessians=false)

template<typename VectorType >
void gather_evaluate (const VectorType &input_vector, const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags evaluation_flag)

template<typename VectorType >
void gather_evaluate (const VectorType &input_vector, const bool evaluate_values, const bool evaluate_gradients, const bool evaluate_hessians=false)

void integrate (const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags integration_flag)

void integrate (const bool integrate_values, const bool integrate_gradients)

void integrate (const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags integration_flag, VectorizedArrayType *values_array, const bool sum_into_values=false)

void integrate (const bool integrate_values, const bool integrate_gradients, VectorizedArrayType *values_array)

template<typename VectorType >
void integrate_scatter (const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags integration_flag, VectorType &output_vector)

template<typename VectorType >
void integrate_scatter (const bool integrate_values, const bool integrate_gradients, VectorType &output_vector)

std_cxx20::ranges::iota_view< unsigned int, unsigned int > dof_indices () const

void set_data_pointers (AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > *scratch_data, const unsigned int n_components)

void reinit_face (const internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::FaceToCellTopology< n_lanes > &face)

1: Reading from and writing to vectors
template<typename VectorType >
void read_dof_values (const VectorType &src, const unsigned int first_index=0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> &mask=std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip())

template<typename VectorType >
void read_dof_values_plain (const VectorType &src, const unsigned int first_index=0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> &mask=std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip())

template<typename VectorType >
void distribute_local_to_global (VectorType &dst, const unsigned int first_index=0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> &mask=std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip()) const

template<typename VectorType >
void set_dof_values (VectorType &dst, const unsigned int first_index=0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> &mask=std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip()) const

template<typename VectorType >
void set_dof_values_plain (VectorType &dst, const unsigned int first_index=0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> &mask=std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip()) const

ArrayView< VectorizedArrayType > get_scratch_data () const

VectorizedArrayType JxW (const unsigned int q_point) const

Point< dim, VectorizedArrayType > quadrature_point (const unsigned int q) const

Tensor< 2, dim, VectorizedArrayType > inverse_jacobian (const unsigned int q_point) const

Tensor< 1, dim, VectorizedArrayType > get_normal_vector (const unsigned int q_point) const

const VectorizedArrayType * begin_dof_values () const

VectorizedArrayType * begin_dof_values ()

const VectorizedArrayType * begin_values () const

VectorizedArrayType * begin_values ()

const VectorizedArrayType * begin_gradients () const

const VectorizedArrayType * begin_hessians () const

VectorizedArrayType * begin_hessians ()

3: Information about the current cell this class operates on
unsigned int get_mapping_data_index_offset () const

internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::GeometryType get_cell_type () const

const ShapeInfoTypeget_shape_info () const

const internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::DoFInfoget_dof_info () const

const std::vector< unsigned int > & get_internal_dof_numbering () const

unsigned int get_current_cell_index () const

unsigned int get_active_fe_index () const

unsigned int get_first_selected_component () const

std::uint8_t get_face_no (const unsigned int v=0) const

unsigned int get_subface_index () const

std::uint8_t get_face_orientation (const unsigned int v=0) const

internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::DoFInfo::DoFAccessIndex get_dof_access_index () const

bool is_interior_face () const

const std::array< unsigned int, n_lanes > & get_cell_ids () const

const std::array< unsigned int, n_lanes > & get_face_ids () const

unsigned int get_cell_or_face_batch_id () const

const std::array< unsigned int, n_lanes > & get_cell_or_face_ids () const

std_cxx20::ranges::iota_view< unsigned int, unsigned int > quadrature_point_indices () const

## Static Public Member Functions

static bool fast_evaluation_supported (const unsigned int given_degree, const unsigned int give_n_q_points_1d)

## Public Attributes

const unsigned int dofs_per_component

const unsigned int dofs_per_cell

const unsigned int n_q_points

## Static Public Attributes

static constexpr unsigned int dimension = dim

static constexpr unsigned int n_components = n_components_

static constexpr unsigned int static_n_q_points

static constexpr unsigned int static_dofs_per_component

static constexpr unsigned int tensor_dofs_per_cell

static constexpr unsigned int static_dofs_per_cell

static constexpr unsigned int n_lanes

## Private Types

using ShapeInfoType = internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::ShapeInfo< VectorizedArrayType >

using MappingInfoStorageType = internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::MappingInfoStorage<(is_face ? dim - 1 :dim), dim, VectorizedArrayType >

using DoFInfo = internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::DoFInfo

## Private Member Functions

void check_template_arguments (const unsigned int fe_no, const unsigned int first_selected_component)

value_type get_dof_value (const unsigned int dof) const

void submit_dof_value (const value_type val_in, const unsigned int dof)

value_type get_value (const unsigned int q_point) const

void submit_value (const value_type val_in, const unsigned int q_point)

value_type get_normal_derivative (const unsigned int q_point) const

void submit_normal_derivative (const value_type grad_in, const unsigned int q_point)

void submit_hessian (const hessian_type hessian_in, const unsigned int q_point)

Tensor< 1, n_components_, Tensor< 2, dim, VectorizedArrayType > > get_hessian (const unsigned int q_point) const

gradient_type get_hessian_diagonal (const unsigned int q_point) const

value_type get_laplacian (const unsigned int q_point) const

VectorizedArrayType get_divergence (const unsigned int q_point) const

SymmetricTensor< 2, dim, VectorizedArrayType > get_symmetric_gradient (const unsigned int q_point) const

Tensor< 1,(dim==2 ? 1 :dim), VectorizedArrayType > get_curl (const unsigned int q_point) const

void submit_divergence (const VectorizedArrayType div_in, const unsigned int q_point)

void submit_symmetric_gradient (const SymmetricTensor< 2, dim, VectorizedArrayType > grad_in, const unsigned int q_point)

void submit_curl (const Tensor< 1, dim==2 ? 1 :dim, VectorizedArrayType > curl_in, const unsigned int q_point)

value_type integrate_value () const

const MatrixFree< dim, Number, VectorizedArrayType > & get_matrix_free () const

AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > * scratch_data_array

const MatrixFree< dim, Number, VectorizedArrayType > * matrix_free

std::vector< types::global_dof_indexlocal_dof_indices

template<typename VectorType , typename VectorOperation >
void read_write_operation (const VectorOperation &operation, const std::array< VectorType *, n_components_ > &vectors, const std::array< const std::vector< ArrayView< const typename VectorType::value_type >> *, n_components_ > &vectors_sm, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> &mask, const bool apply_constraints=true) const

template<typename VectorType , typename VectorOperation >
void read_write_operation_contiguous (const VectorOperation &operation, const std::array< VectorType *, n_components_ > &vectors, const std::array< const std::vector< ArrayView< const typename VectorType::value_type >> *, n_components_ > &vectors_sm, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> &mask) const

template<typename VectorType , typename VectorOperation >
void read_write_operation_global (const VectorOperation &operation, const std::array< VectorType *, n_components_ > &vectors) const

void apply_hanging_node_constraints (const bool transpose) const

## 3: Functions to access cell- and face-data vectors.

VectorizedArrayType read_cell_data (const AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > &array) const

std::array< T, Number::size()> read_cell_data (const AlignedVector< std::array< T, Number::size()>> &array) const

void set_cell_data (AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > &array, const VectorizedArrayType &value) const

void set_cell_data (AlignedVector< std::array< T, Number::size()>> &array, const std::array< T, Number::size()> &value) const

VectorizedArrayType read_face_data (const AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > &array) const

std::array< T, Number::size()> read_face_data (const AlignedVector< std::array< T, Number::size()>> &array) const

void set_face_data (AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > &array, const VectorizedArrayType &value) const

void set_face_data (AlignedVector< std::array< T, Number::size()>> &array, const std::array< T, Number::size()> &value) const

const ShapeInfoTypedata

const DoFInfodof_info

const MappingInfoStorageTypemapping_data

const unsigned int n_fe_components

const unsigned int first_selected_component

const unsigned int active_fe_index

const Point< dim, VectorizedArrayType > * quadrature_points

const Tensor< 2, dim, VectorizedArrayType > * jacobian

const Tensor< 1, dim *(dim+1)/2, Tensor< 1, dim, VectorizedArrayType > > * jacobian_gradients

const VectorizedArrayType * J_value

const Tensor< 1, dim, VectorizedArrayType > * normal_vectors

const Tensor< 1, dim, VectorizedArrayType > * normal_x_jacobian

ArrayView< VectorizedArrayType > scratch_data

VectorizedArrayType * values_dofs

bool is_reinitialized

bool dof_values_initialized

unsigned int cell

bool interior_face

internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::DoFInfo::DoFAccessIndex dof_access_index

std::array< std::uint8_t, n_lanesface_numbers

std::array< std::uint8_t, n_lanesface_orientations

unsigned int subface_index

internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::GeometryType cell_type

std::array< unsigned int, n_lanescell_ids

std::array< unsigned int, n_lanesface_ids

std::shared_ptr< internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::MappingDataOnTheFly< dim, VectorizedArrayType > > mapped_geometry

## Detailed Description

### template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number, typename VectorizedArrayType> class FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >

The class that provides all functions necessary to evaluate functions at quadrature points and cell integrations. In functionality, this class is similar to FEValues, however, it includes a lot of specialized functions that make it much faster (between 5 and 500, depending on the polynomial degree). For evaluation of face terms in DG, see the class FEFaceEvaluation.

### Usage and initialization

#### Fast usage in combination with MatrixFree

The first and foremost way of usage is to initialize this class from a MatrixFree object that caches everything related to the degrees of freedom and the mapping information. This way, it is possible to use vectorization for applying a differential operator for several cells at once.

The capabilities of FEEvaluation span a large spectrum of integration tasks for weak forms. In general, there are two classes of tasks that get done. One is the evaluate path that interpolates from a solution vector to quadrature points:

for (unsigned int cell_index = cell_range.first;
cell_index < cell_range.second; ++cell_index)
{
fe_eval.reinit(cell_index);
fe_eval.evaluate(EvaluationFlags::values); // interpolate values only
for (unsigned int q=0; q<fe_eval.n_q_points; ++q)
{
VectorizedArray<double> val = fe_eval.get_value(q);
// do something with val
}
}
const MatrixFree< dim, Number, VectorizedArrayType > * matrix_free
unsigned int cell_index
Definition: grid_tools.cc:1129

Likewise, a gradient of the finite element solution represented by vector can be interpolated to the quadrature points by fe_eval.get_gradient(q). The combination of read_dof_values(), evaluate() and get_value() is similar to what FEValues::get_function_values or FEValues::get_function_gradients does, but it is in general much faster because it makes use of the tensor product, see the description of the evaluation routines below, and can do this operation for several cells at once through vectorization.

The second class of tasks done by FEEvaluation are integration tasks for right hand sides. In finite element computations, these typically consist of multiplying a quantity on quadrature points (a function value, or a field interpolated by the finite element space itself) by a set of test functions and integrating over the cell through summation of the values in each quadrature point, multiplied by the quadrature weight and the Jacobian determinant of the transformation. If a generic Function object is given and we want to compute $$v_i = \int_\Omega \varphi_i f dx$$, this is done by the following cell-wise integration:

Function<dim> &function = ...;
for (unsigned int cell_index = cell_range.first;
cell_index < cell_range.second; ++cell_index)
{
fe_eval.reinit(cell_index);
for (unsigned int q=0; q<fe_eval.n_q_points; ++q)
{
// Need to evaluate function for each component in VectorizedArray
VectorizedArray<double> f_value = 0.0;
for (unsigned int v=0; v<VectorizedArray<double>::size(); ++v)
{
for (unsigned int d=0; d<dim; ++d)
p[d] = p_vect[d][v];
f_value[v] = function.value(p);
}
fe_eval.submit_value(f_value, q);
}
fe_eval.integrate(EvaluationFlags::values);
fe_eval.distribute_local_to_global(dst);
}
Definition: point.h:111
SymmetricTensor< 2, dim, Number > d(const Tensor< 2, dim, Number > &F, const Tensor< 2, dim, Number > &dF_dt)

In this code, the call to fe_eval.submit_value() prepares for the multiplication by the test function prior to the actual integration (inside the submit call, the value to be tested is also multiplied by the determinant of the Jacobian and the quadrature weight). In the integrate() call, an integral contribution tested by each basis function underlying the FEEvaluation object (e.g. the four linear shape functions of FE_Q<2>(1) in 2D) is computed, which gives the vector entries to be summed into the dst vector. Note that the above code needs to explicitly loop over the components in the vectorized array for evaluating the function, which is necessary for interfacing with a generic Function object with double arguments. Simple functions can also be implemented in VectorizedArray form directly as VectorizedArray provides the basic math operations.

For evaluating a bilinear form, the evaluation on a source vector is combined with the integration involving test functions that get written into a result vector. This setting is the context of matrix-free operator evaluation and explained in the step-37 and step-48 tutorial programs.

Note that the two vector accesses through FEEvaluation::read_dof_values and FEEvaluation::distribute_local_to_global resolve constraints on the fly, based on the AffineConstraints object specified at the MatrixFree::reinit() call. In case the values in the degrees of freedom are of interest (usually only the values in quadrature points are necessary), these can be accessed through FEEvaluation::get_dof_value(i), where i is the index of the basis function. Note that the numbering of the degrees of freedom for continuous elements in FEEvaluation is different from the ordering in FE_Q (or FEValues) because FEEvaluation needs to access them in lexicographic order, which is the ordering used in FE_DGQ, for instance. Re-indexing would be too expensive because the access inside evaluate() and integrate() is on the critical path in the tensorial evaluation parts. An alternative to filling the DoF values by read_dof_values() before an evaluate() call is to manually assign a value by a set_dof_value() call. Likewise, if the local result of integration should be further processed rather than scattered into a vector by distribute_local_to_global(), one can access it by get_dof_value() after an integrate() call. An example for using the values of an integral in a different context is fast assembly of matrices as shown in the next subsection.

For most operator evaluation tasks that repeatedly go through the mesh, the realization by MatrixFree that combines pre-computed data for the mapping (Jacobian transformations for the geometry description) with on-the-fly evaluation of basis functions is the most efficient way of doing things. In other words, the framework selects a trade-off between memory usage and initialization of objects that is suitable for replacement of matrix-vector products or explicit time integration in a matrix-free way.

#### Usage without pre-initialized MatrixFree object

The second form of usage is to initialize FEEvaluation from geometry information generated by FEValues. This allows to apply the integration loops on the fly without prior initialization of MatrixFree objects. This can be useful when the memory and initialization cost of MatrixFree is not acceptable, e.g. when a different number of quadrature points should be used for one single evaluation in error computation. Also, when using the routines of this class to assemble matrices the trade-off implied by the MatrixFree class may not be desired. In such a case, the cost to initialize the necessary geometry data on the fly is comparably low and thus avoiding a global object MatrixFree can be useful. When used in this way, reinit methods reminiscent from FEValues with a cell iterator are used. However, note that this model results in working on a single cell at a time, with geometry data duplicated in all components of the vectorized array. Thus, vectorization is only useful when it can apply the same operation on different data, e.g. when performing matrix assembly.

As an example, consider the following code to assemble the contributions to the Laplace matrix:

FEEvaluation<dim,fe_degree> fe_eval (mapping, finite_element,
QGauss<1>(fe_degree+1), flags);
for (const auto &cell : dof_handler.active_cell_iterators())
{
fe_eval.reinit(cell);
for (unsigned int i=0; i<dofs_per_cell;
{
const unsigned int n_items =
(dofs_per_cell - i) :
// Set n_items unit vectors
for (unsigned int j=0; j<dofs_per_cell; ++j)
fe_eval.set_dof_value(VectorizedArray<double>(), j);
for (unsigned int v=0; v<n_items; ++v)
{
one_value[v] = 1.;
fe_eval.set_dof_value(one_value, i+v);
}
// Apply operator on unit vector to generate the next few matrix
// columns
for (unsigned int q=0; q<n_q_points; ++q)
{
fe_eval.submit_value(10.*fe_eval.get_value(q), q);
}
// Insert computed entries in matrix
for (unsigned int v=0; v<n_items; ++v)
for (unsigned int j=0; j<dofs_per_cell; ++j)
cell_matrix(fe_eval.get_internal_dof_numbering()[j],
fe_eval.get_internal_dof_numbering()[i+v])
= fe_eval.get_dof_value(j)[v];
}
...
}
const unsigned int n_q_points
const unsigned int dofs_per_cell
void cell_matrix(FullMatrix< double > &M, const FEValuesBase< dim > &fe, const FEValuesBase< dim > &fetest, const ArrayView< const std::vector< double >> &velocity, const double factor=1.)

This code generates the columns of the cell matrix with the loop over i above. The way this is done is the following: FEEvaluation's routines focus on the evaluation of finite element operators, so for computing a cell matrix out of an operator evaluation it is applied to all the unit vectors on the cell. Applying the operator on a unit vector might seem inefficient but the evaluation routines used here are so quick that they still work much faster than what is possible with FEValues. In particular, the complexity is (fe_degree+1)2*dim+1  rather than (fe_degree+1)3*dim .

Due to vectorization, we can generate matrix columns for several unit vectors at a time (e.g. 4). The variable n_items make sure that we do the last iteration where the number of cell dofs is not divisible by the vectorization length correctly. Also note that we need to get the internal dof numbering applied by fe_eval because FEEvaluation internally uses a lexicographic numbering of degrees of freedom as explained above.

#### Internal data organization

The temporary data for holding the solution values on the local degrees of freedom as well as the interpolated values, gradients, and Hessians on quadrature points is a scratch array provided by MatrixFree::acquire_scratch_data() that is re-used between different calls to FEEvaluation. Therefore, constructing an FEEvaluation object is typically cheap and does not involve any expensive operation. Only a few dozen pointers to the actual data fields are set during construction. Therefore, no negative performance impact arises when creating an FEEvaluation several times per loop, such as at the top of a local_cell_operation operation that is split in small chunks for a parallel for loop, obviating a separate scratch data field for parallel loops as necessary in the loop of WorkStream.

When using the FEEvaluation class in multithreaded mode, the thread local storage of the scratch data in MatrixFree automatically makes sure that each thread gets it private data array. Note, however, that deal.II must be compiled with thread support also when all the thread parallelization is provided externally and not done via deal.II's routines, such as OpenMP. This is because deal.II needs to know the notation of thread local storage. The FEEvaluation kernels have been verified to work within OpenMP loops.

#### Vectorization scheme through VectorizedArray

This class is designed to perform all arithmetics on single-instruction multiple-data (SIMD) instructions present on modern CPUs by explicit vectorization, which are made available in deal.II through the class VectorizedArray, using the widest vector width available at configure/compile time. In order to keep programs flexible, FEEvaluation always applies vectorization over several elements. This is often the best compromise because computations on different elements are usually independent in the finite element method (except of course the process of adding an integral contribution to a global residual vector), also in more complicated scenarios: Stabilization parameter can e.g. be defined as the maximum of some quantities on all quadrature points of a cell divided by the cell's volume, but without locally mixing the results with neighbors. Using the terminology from computer architecture, the design of FEEvaluation relies on not doing any cross-lane data exchange when operating on the cell in typical integration scenarios.

When the number of cells in the problem is not a multiple of the number of array elements in the SIMD vector, the implementation of FEEvaluation fills in some dummy entries in the unused SIMD lanes and carries them around nonetheless, a choice made necessary since the length of VectorizedArray is fixed at compile time. Yet, this approach most often results in superior code as compared to an auto-vectorization setup where an alternative unvectorized code path would be necessary next to the vectorized version to be used on fully populated lanes, together with a dispatch mechanism. In read_dof_values, the empty lanes resulting from a reinit() call to an incomplete batch of cells are set to zero, whereas distribute_local_to_global or set_dof_values simply ignores the content in the empty lanes. The number of actually filled SIMD lanes can by queried by MatrixFree::n_active_entries_per_cell_batch() or MatrixFree::n_active_entries_per_face_batch().

Obviously, the computations performed on the artificial lanes (without real data) should never be mixed with valid results. The contract in using this class is that the user makes sure that lanes are not crossed in user code, in particular since it is not clear a priori which cells are going to be put together in vectorization. For example, results on an element should not be added to results on other elements except through the global vector access methods or by access that is masked by MatrixFree::n_active_entries_per_cell_batch(). No guarantee can be made that results on artificial lanes will always be zero that can safely be added to other results: The data on JxW or Jacobians is copied from the last valid lane in order to avoid division by zero that could trigger floating point exceptions or trouble in other situations.

### Description of evaluation routines

This class contains specialized evaluation routines for elements based on tensor-product quadrature formulas and tensor-product-like shape functions, including standard FE_Q or FE_DGQ elements and quadrature points symmetric around 0.5 (like Gauss quadrature), FE_DGP elements based on truncated tensor products as well as the faster case of Gauss-Lobatto elements with Gauss-Lobatto quadrature which give diagonal mass matrices and quicker evaluation internally. The main benefit of this class is the evaluation of all shape functions in all quadrature or integration over all shape functions in dim (fe_degree+1)dim+1  operations instead of the slower  (fe_degree+1)2*dim complexity in the evaluation routines of FEValues. This is done by an algorithm called sum factorization which factors out constant factors during the evaluation along a coordinate direction. This algorithm is the basis of many spectral element algorithms.

Note that many of the operations available through this class are inherited from the base class FEEvaluationBase, in particular reading from and writing to vectors. Also, the class inherits from FEEvaluationAccess that implements access to values, gradients and Hessians of the finite element function on quadrature points.

This class assumes that the shape functions of the FiniteElement under consideration do not depend on the geometry of the cells in real space. Currently, other finite elements cannot be treated with the matrix-free concept.

#### Degree of finite element as a compile-time parameter

The class FEEvaluation as two usage models. The first usage model is to specify the polynomial degree as a template parameter. This guarantees maximum efficiency: The evaluation with sum factorization performs a number of nested short 1D loops of length equal to the polynomial degree plus one. If the loop bounds are known at compile time, the compiler can unroll loops as deemed most efficient by its heuristics. At least the innermost loop is almost always completely unrolled, avoiding the loop overhead.

However, carrying the polynomial degree (and the number of quadrature points) as a template parameter makes things more complicated in codes where different polynomial degrees should be considered, e.g. in application codes where the polynomial degree is given through an input file. The second usage model is to rely on pre-compiled code for polynomial degrees. While a user code can use different functions for the cells (that get e.g. invoked by some dynamic dispatch mechanism for the various degree templates), deal.II also supports usage of this class based on the information in the element passed to the initialization. For this usage model, set the template parameter for the polynomial degree to -1 and choose an arbitrary number for the number of quadrature points. That code part contains pre-compiled templated code for polynomial degrees between 1 and 6 and common quadrature formulas, which runs almost as fast as the templated version. In case the chosen degree is not pre-compiled, an evaluator object with template specialization for -1 is invoked that runs according to run-time bounds.

An overview of the performance of FEEvaluation is given in the following figure. It considers the time spent per degree of freedom for evaluating the Laplacian with continuous finite elements using a code similar to the step-37 tutorial program for single-precision arithmetics. The time is based on an experiment on a single core of an Intel Xeon E5-2687W v4, running at 3.4 GHz and measured at problem sizes of around 10 million. The plot lists the computational time (around 0.1 seconds) divided by the number of degrees freedom.

The figure shows that the templated computational kernels are between 2.5 and 3 times faster than the non-templated ones. The fastest turnaround on this setup is for polynomial degree 5 at 7.4e-9 seconds per degree of freedom or 134 million degrees of freedom per second - on a single core. The non-templated version is also fastest at polynomial degree 5 with 2.1e-9 seconds per degree of freedom or 48 million degrees of freedom per second. Note that using FEEvaluation with template degree=-1 selects the fast path for degrees between one and six, and the slow path for other degrees.

#### Pre-compiling code for more polynomial degrees

It is also possible to pre-compile the code in FEEvaluation for a different maximal polynomial degree. This is controlled by the class internal::FEEvaluationFactory and the implementation in include/deal.II/matrix_free/evaluation_template_factory.templates.h. By setting the macro FE_EVAL_FACTORY_DEGREE_MAX to the desired integer and instantiating the classes FEEvaluationFactory and FEFaceEvaluationFactory (the latter for FEFaceEvaluation) creates paths to templated functions for a possibly larger set of degrees. You can check if fast evaluation/integration for a given degree/n_quadrature_points pair by calling FEEvaluation::fast_evaluation_supported() or FEFaceEvaluation::fast_evaluation_supported().

### Handling multi-component systems

FEEvaluation also allows for treating vector-valued problems through a template parameter on the number of components:

If used this way, the components can be gathered from several components of an std::vector<VectorType> through the call

where the 0 means that the vectors starting from the zeroth vector in the std::vector should be used, src[0], src[1], ..., src[n_components-1].

An alternative way for reading multi-component systems is possible if the DoFHandler underlying the MatrixFree data is based on an FESystem of n_components entries. In that case, a single vector is provided for the read_dof_values() and distribute_local_to_global() calls.

An important property of FEEvaluation in multi-component systems is the layout of multiple components in the get_value(), get_gradient(), or get_dof_value() calls. In this case, instead of a scalar return field VectorizedArray<double> a tensor is returned,

value_type get_value(const unsigned int q_point) const
Definition: tensor.h:503

In a similar vein, the submit_value() and submit_gradient() calls take tensors of values. Note that there exist specializations for n_components=1 and n_components=dim, which are provided through the base class FEEvaluationAccess. In the scalar case, these provide the scalar return types described above. In the vector-valued case, the gradient is converted from Tensor<1,dim,Tensor<1,dim,VectorizedArray<double> > > to Tensor<2,dim,VectorizedArray<double> >. Furthermore, additional operations such as the diveregence or curl are available.

In case different shape functions are combined, for example mixed finite element formulations in Stokes flow, two FEEvaluation objects are created, one for the velocity and one for the pressure. Those are then combined on quadrature points:

for (unsigned int cell=cell_range.first; cell<cell_range.second; ++cell)
{
velocity.reinit (cell);
pressure.reinit (cell);
pressure.evaluate (EvaluationFlags::values);
for (unsigned int q=0; q<velocity.n_q_points; ++q)
{
VectorizedArray<double> pres = pressure.get_value(q);
pressure.submit_value (div, q);
// subtract p * I
for (unsigned int d=0; d<dim; ++d)
}
velocity.distribute_local_to_global (dst.block(0));
pressure.integrate (EvaluationFlags::values);
pressure.distribute_local_to_global (dst.block(1));
}
constexpr Number trace(const SymmetricTensor< 2, dim2, Number > &)

This code assumes that a BlockVector of two components describes the velocity and pressure components, respectively. For identifying the different DoFHandler objects for velocity and pressure, the second argument to the FEEvaluation objects specify the respective component 0 for velocity and 1 for pressure. For further examples of vector-valued problems, the deal.II test suite includes a few additional examples as well, e.g. the Stokes operator described above is found at https://github.com/dealii/dealii/blob/master/tests/matrix_free/matrix_vector_stokes_noflux.cc

The design of FEEvaluation and MatrixFree separates the geometry from the basis functions. Therefore, several DoFHandler objects (or the same DoFHandler equipped with different constraint objects) can share the same geometry information like in the Stokes example above. All geometry is cached once in MatrixFree, so FEEvaluation does not need to do expensive initialization calls and rather sets a few pointers. This realization is based on the idea that the geometry information is needed only once also when several fields are evaluated, in a departure from FEValues which sets up the internal mapping data for each field. If for example a multi-component PDE involves the shape values on one component and the shape gradient on the other, no efficiency is lost if both are based on the same MatrixFree object where the update flags specify that both update_values , update_gradients , and update_jxw_values are given. The selection of desired quantities of shape values is through the flags in the evaluate() or integrate calls and the access at quadrature points:

fe_eval1.evaluate(EvaluationFlags::values);
for (unsigned int q=0; q<fe_eval1.n_q_points; ++q)
{
VectorizedArray<double> val1 = fe_eval1.get_value(q);
// ... some complicated formula combining those three...
}
Point< spacedim > point(const gp_Pnt &p, const double tolerance=1e-10)
Definition: utilities.cc:190

In the loop over quadrature points, one can ask any of the two FEEvaluation objects — it does not really matter which one because they only keep pointers to the quadrature point data — to provide the quadrature point location.

This observation also translates to the case when different differential operators are implemented in a program, for example the action of a mass matrix for one phase of the algorithm and the action of a stiffness matrix in another one. Only a single MatrixFree object is necessary, maintaining full efficiency by using different local functions with the respective implementation in separate FEEvaluation objects. In other words, a user does not need to bother about being conservative when providing update_flags to the initialization of MatrixFree for efficiency reasons - no overhead incurs inside FEEvaluation, except for at most one or two more if statements inside the FEEvaluation::reinit() call. Rather, the largest set of flags necessary among all calls is perfectly fine from an efficiency point of view.

For the combination of different fields, including different solution vectors that come from different time steps, it is mandatory that all FEEvaluation objects share the same MatrixFree object. This is because the way cells are looped by MatrixFree::cell_loop() can be different for different DoFHandler or AffineConstraints arguments. More precisely, even though the layout is going to be the same in serial, there is no guarantee about the ordering for different DoFHandler/AffineConstraints in the MPI case. The reason is that the algorithm detects cells that need data exchange with MPI and those can change for different elements — FE_Q with hanging node constraints connects to more neighbors than a FE_DGQ element, for instance, and cells which need data exchange are put in different positions inside the cell loop. Of course, if the exact same DoFHandler, AffineConstraints, and options (such as the setting for thread parallelism) are set, then the order is going to be the same because the algorithm is deterministic.

Template Parameters
 dim Dimension in which this class is to be used fe_degree Degree of the tensor product finite element with fe_degree+1 degrees of freedom per coordinate direction. Can be set to -1 if the degree is not known at compile time, but performance will usually be worse by a factor of 2-3. n_q_points_1d Number of points in the quadrature formula in 1D, defaults to fe_degree+1 n_components Number of vector components when solving a system of PDEs. If the same operation is applied to several components of a PDE (e.g. a vector Laplace equation), they can be applied simultaneously with one call (and often more efficiently). Defaults to 1. Number Number format, usually double or float. Defaults to double

Definition at line 1903 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ BaseClass

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 using FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::BaseClass = FEEvaluationAccess

An alias to the base class.

Definition at line 1917 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ number_type

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 using FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::number_type = Number

An underlying number type specified as template argument.

Definition at line 1923 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ value_type

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 using FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::value_type = typename BaseClass::value_type

The type of function values, e.g. VectorizedArrayType for n_components=1 or Tensor<1,dim,VectorizedArrayType > for n_components=dim.

Definition at line 1930 of file fe_evaluation.h.

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 using FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::gradient_type = typename BaseClass::gradient_type

The type of gradients, e.g. Tensor<1,dim,VectorizedArrayType> for n_components=1 or Tensor<2,dim,VectorizedArrayType > for n_components=dim.

Definition at line 1937 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ hessian_type

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 using FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::hessian_type = Tensor<1, n_components_, Tensor<2, dim, VectorizedArrayType> >
inherited

Definition at line 102 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ ShapeInfoType

 using FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::ShapeInfoType = internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::ShapeInfo
privateinherited

Definition at line 115 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ MappingInfoStorageType

 using FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::MappingInfoStorageType = internal::MatrixFreeFunctions:: MappingInfoStorage<(is_face ? dim - 1 : dim), dim, VectorizedArrayType >
privateinherited

Definition at line 116 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ DoFInfo

 using FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::DoFInfo = internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::DoFInfo
privateinherited

Definition at line 118 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ NumberType

 using FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::NumberType = VectorizedArrayType
inherited

Definition at line 123 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ ScalarNumber

 using FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::ScalarNumber = typename internal::VectorizedArrayTrait::value_type
inherited

Definition at line 125 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ FEEvaluation() [1/6]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::FEEvaluation ( const MatrixFree< dim, Number, VectorizedArrayType > & matrix_free, const unsigned int dof_no = 0, const unsigned int quad_no = 0, const unsigned int first_selected_component = 0, const unsigned int active_fe_index = numbers::invalid_unsigned_int, const unsigned int active_quad_index = numbers::invalid_unsigned_int )

Constructor. Takes all data stored in MatrixFree. If applied to problems with more than one finite element or more than one quadrature formula selected during construction of matrix_free, the appropriate component can be selected by the optional arguments.

Parameters
 matrix_free Data object that contains all data dof_no If matrix_free was set up with multiple DoFHandler objects, this parameter selects to which DoFHandler/AffineConstraints pair the given evaluator should be attached to. quad_no If matrix_free was set up with multiple Quadrature objects, this parameter selects the appropriate number of the quadrature formula. first_selected_component If the dof_handler selected by dof_no uses an FESystem consisting of more than one component, this parameter allows for selecting the component where the current evaluation routine should start. Note that one evaluator does not support combining different shape functions in different components. In other words, the same base element of a FESystem needs to be set for the components between first_selected_component and first_selected_component+n_components_. active_fe_index If matrix_free was set up with DoFHandler objects with hp::FECollections, this parameter selects to which DoFHandler/AffineConstraints pair the given evaluator should be attached to. active_quad_index If matrix_free was set up with hp::Collection objects, this parameter selects the appropriate number of the quadrature formula.

## ◆ FEEvaluation() [2/6]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::FEEvaluation ( const MatrixFree< dim, Number, VectorizedArrayType > & matrix_free, const std::pair< unsigned int, unsigned int > & range, const unsigned int dof_no = 0, const unsigned int quad_no = 0, const unsigned int first_selected_component = 0 )

Constructor. Takes all data stored in MatrixFree for a given cell range, which allows to automatically identify the active_fe_index and active_quad_index in case of a p-adaptive strategy.

The rest of the arguments are the same as in the constructor above.

## ◆ FEEvaluation() [3/6]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::FEEvaluation ( const Mapping< dim > & mapping, const FiniteElement< dim > & fe, const Quadrature< 1 > & quadrature, const UpdateFlags update_flags, const unsigned int first_selected_component = 0 )

Constructor that comes with reduced functionality and works similar as FEValues. The arguments are similar to the ones passed to the constructor of FEValues, with the notable difference that FEEvaluation expects a one-dimensional quadrature formula, Quadrature<1>, instead of a dim dimensional one. The finite element can be both scalar or vector valued, but this method always only selects a scalar base element at a time (with n_components copies as specified by the class template). For vector-valued elements, the optional argument first_selected_component allows to specify the index of the base element to be used for evaluation. Note that the internal data structures always assume that the base element is primitive, non-primitive are not supported currently.

As known from FEValues, a call to the reinit method with a Triangulation<dim>::cell_iterator is necessary to make the geometry and degrees of freedom of the current class known. If the iterator includes DoFHandler information (i.e., it is a DoFHandler<dim>::cell_iterator or similar), the initialization allows to also read from or write to vectors in the standard way for DoFHandler<dim>::active_cell_iterator types for one cell at a time. However, this approach is much slower than the path with MatrixFree with MPI since index translation has to be done. As only one cell at a time is used, this method does not vectorize over several elements (which is most efficient for vector operations), but only possibly within the element if the evaluate/integrate routines are combined inside user code (e.g. for computing cell matrices).

## ◆ FEEvaluation() [4/6]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::FEEvaluation ( const FiniteElement< dim > & fe, const Quadrature< 1 > & quadrature, const UpdateFlags update_flags, const unsigned int first_selected_component = 0 )

Constructor for the reduced functionality. This constructor is equivalent to the other one except that it makes the object use a $$Q_1$$ mapping (i.e., an object of type MappingQ(1)) implicitly.

## ◆ FEEvaluation() [5/6]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::FEEvaluation ( const FiniteElement< dim > & fe, const FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType, false > & other, const unsigned int first_selected_component = 0 )

Constructor for the reduced functionality. Similar to the other constructor with FiniteElement argument but using another FEEvaluationBase object to provide information about the geometry. This allows several FEEvaluation objects to share the geometry evaluation, i.e., the underlying mapping and quadrature points do only need to be evaluated once. Make sure to not pass an optional object around when you intend to use the FEEvaluation object in parallel to the given one because otherwise the intended sharing may create race conditions.

## ◆ FEEvaluation() [6/6]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::FEEvaluation ( const FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType > & other )

Copy constructor. If FEEvaluationBase was constructed from a mapping, fe, quadrature, and update flags, the underlying geometry evaluation based on FEValues will be deep-copied in order to allow for using in parallel with threads.

## ◆ operator=()

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 FEEvaluation& FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::operator= ( const FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType > & other )

Copy assignment operator. If FEEvaluationBase was constructed from a mapping, fe, quadrature, and update flags, the underlying geometry evaluation based on FEValues will be deep-copied in order to allow for using in parallel with threads.

## ◆ reinit() [1/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::reinit ( const unsigned int cell_batch_index )

Initialize the operation pointer to the current cell batch index. Unlike the reinit functions taking a cell iterator as argument below and the FEValues::reinit() methods, where the information related to a particular cell is generated in the reinit call, this function is very cheap since all data is pre-computed in matrix_free, and only a few indices have to be set appropriately.

## ◆ reinit() [2/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::reinit ( const std::array< unsigned int, VectorizedArrayType::size()> & cell_ids )

Similar as the above function but allowing to define customized cell batches on the fly. A cell batch is defined by the (matrix-free) index of its cells: see also the documentation of get_cell_ids () or get_cell_or_face_ids ().

## ◆ reinit() [3/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<bool level_dof_access>
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::reinit ( const TriaIterator< DoFCellAccessor< dim, dim, level_dof_access >> & cell )

Initialize the data to the current cell using a TriaIterator object as usual in FEValues. The argument is either of type DoFHandler::active_cell_iterator or DoFHandler::level_cell_iterator. This option is only available if the FEEvaluation object was created with a finite element, quadrature formula and correct update flags and without a MatrixFree object. This initialization method loses the ability to use vectorization, see also the description of the FEEvaluation class. When this reinit method is used, FEEvaluation can also read from vectors (but less efficient than with data coming from MatrixFree).

## ◆ reinit() [4/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::reinit ( const typename Triangulation< dim >::cell_iterator & cell )

Initialize the data to the current cell using a TriaIterator object as usual in FEValues. This option is only available if the FEEvaluation object was created with a finite element, quadrature formula and correct update flags and without a MatrixFree object. This initialization method loses the ability to use vectorization, see also the description of the FEEvaluation class. When this reinit method is used, FEEvaluation can not read from vectors because no DoFHandler information is available.

## ◆ fast_evaluation_supported()

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 static bool FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::fast_evaluation_supported ( const unsigned int given_degree, const unsigned int give_n_q_points_1d )
static

Check if face evaluation/integration is supported.

## ◆ evaluate() [1/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::evaluate ( const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags evaluation_flag )

Evaluate the function values, the gradients, and the Hessians of the polynomial interpolation from the DoF values in the input vector to the quadrature points on the unit cell. The function arguments specify which parts shall actually be computed. This function has to be called first so that the access functions get_value(), get_gradient() or get_laplacian give useful information (unless these values have been set manually).

## ◆ evaluate() [2/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::evaluate ( const bool evaluate_values, const bool evaluate_gradients, const bool evaluate_hessians = false )

Like above but with separate bool flags.

Deprecated:
use evaluate() with the EvaluationFlags argument.

## ◆ evaluate() [3/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::evaluate ( const VectorizedArrayType * values_array, const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags evaluation_flag )

Evaluate the function values, the gradients, and the Hessians of the polynomial interpolation from the DoF values in the input array values_array to the quadrature points on the unit cell. If multiple components are involved in the current FEEvaluation object, the sorting in values_array is such that all degrees of freedom for the first component come first, then all degrees of freedom for the second, and so on. The function arguments specify which parts shall actually be computed. This function has to be called first so that the access functions get_value(), get_gradient() or get_laplacian give useful information (unless these values have been set manually).

## ◆ evaluate() [4/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::evaluate ( const VectorizedArrayType * values_array, const bool evaluate_values, const bool evaluate_gradients, const bool evaluate_hessians = false )

Like above but using separate bool flags.

Deprecated:
use evaluate() with the EvaluationFlags argument.

## ◆ gather_evaluate() [1/2]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::gather_evaluate ( const VectorType & input_vector, const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags evaluation_flag )

Read from the input vector and evaluates the function values, the gradients, and the Hessians of the polynomial interpolation of the vector entries from input_vector associated with the current cell to the quadrature points on the unit cell. The function arguments specify which parts shall actually be computed. This function has to be called first so that the access functions get_value(), get_gradient() or get_laplacian give useful information (unless these values have been set manually).

This call is equivalent to calling read_dof_values() followed by evaluate(), but might internally use some additional optimizations.

## ◆ gather_evaluate() [2/2]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::gather_evaluate ( const VectorType & input_vector, const bool evaluate_values, const bool evaluate_gradients, const bool evaluate_hessians = false )
Deprecated:
Please use the gather_evaluate() function with the EvaluationFlags argument.

## ◆ integrate() [1/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::integrate ( const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags integration_flag )

This function takes the values and/or gradients that are stored on quadrature points, tests them by all the basis functions/gradients on the cell and performs the cell integration. The two function arguments integrate_values and integrate_gradients are used to enable/disable summation of the contributions submitted to the values or gradients slots, respectively. The result is written into the internal data field dof_values (that is usually written into the result vector by the distribute_local_to_global() or set_dof_values() methods).

## ◆ integrate() [2/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::integrate ( const bool integrate_values, const bool integrate_gradients )
Deprecated:
Please use the integrate() function with the EvaluationFlags argument.

## ◆ integrate() [3/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::integrate ( const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags integration_flag, VectorizedArrayType * values_array, const bool sum_into_values = false )

This function takes the values and/or gradients that are stored on quadrature points, tests them by all the basis functions/gradients on the cell and performs the cell integration. The two function arguments integrate_values and integrate_gradients are used to enable/disable summation of the contributions submitted to the values or gradients slots, respectively. As opposed to the other integrate() method, this call stores the result of the testing in the given array values_array, whose previous results is overwritten, rather than writing it on the internal data structures behind begin_dof_values().

## ◆ integrate() [4/4]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::integrate ( const bool integrate_values, const bool integrate_gradients, VectorizedArrayType * values_array )
Deprecated:
Please use the integrate() function with the EvaluationFlags argument.

## ◆ integrate_scatter() [1/2]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::integrate_scatter ( const EvaluationFlags::EvaluationFlags integration_flag, VectorType & output_vector )

This function takes the values and/or gradients that are stored on quadrature points, tests them by all the basis functions/gradients on the cell, performs the cell integration, and adds the result into the global vector output_vector on the degrees of freedom associated with the present cell index. The two function arguments integrate_values and integrate_gradients are used to enable/disable summation of the contributions submitted to the values or gradients slots, respectively.

This call is equivalent to calling integrate() followed by distribute_local_to_global(), but might internally use some additional optimizations.

## ◆ integrate_scatter() [2/2]

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::integrate_scatter ( const bool integrate_values, const bool integrate_gradients, VectorType & output_vector )
Deprecated:
Please use the integrate_scatter() function with the EvaluationFlags argument.

## ◆ dof_indices()

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 std_cxx20::ranges::iota_view FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::dof_indices ( ) const

Return an object that can be thought of as an array containing all indices from zero to dofs_per_cell. This allows to write code using range-based for loops.

## ◆ check_template_arguments()

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::check_template_arguments ( const unsigned int fe_no, const unsigned int first_selected_component )
private

Checks if the template arguments regarding degree of the element corresponds to the actual element used at initialization.

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::read_dof_values ( const VectorType & src, const unsigned int first_index = 0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> & mask = std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip() )
inherited

For the vector src, read out the values on the degrees of freedom of the current cell, and store them internally. Similar functionality as the function DoFAccessor::get_interpolated_dof_values when no constraints are present, but it also includes constraints from hanging nodes, so one can see it as a similar function to AffineConstraints::read_dof_values as well. Note that if vectorization is enabled, the DoF values for several cells are set.

If some constraints on the vector are inhomogeneous, use the function read_dof_values_plain instead and provide the vector with useful data also in constrained positions by calling AffineConstraints::distribute. When accessing vector entries during the solution of linear systems, the temporary solution should always have homogeneous constraints and this method is the correct one.

If the given vector template class is a block vector (determined through the template function 'IsBlockVector<VectorType>::value', which checks for vectors derived from BlockVectorBase) or an std::vector<VectorType> or std::vector<VectorType *>, this function reads n_components blocks from the block vector starting at the index first_index. For non-block vectors, first_index is ignored.

Note
If this class was constructed without a MatrixFree object and the information is acquired on the fly through a DoFHandler<dim>::cell_iterator, only one single cell is used by this class and this function extracts the values of the underlying components on the given cell. This call is slower than the ones done through a MatrixFree object and lead to a structure that does not effectively use vectorization in the evaluate routines based on these values (instead, VectorizedArray::size() same copies are worked on).

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::read_dof_values_plain ( const VectorType & src, const unsigned int first_index = 0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> & mask = std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip() )
inherited

For the vector src, read out the values on the degrees of freedom of the current cell, and store them internally. Similar functionality as the function DoFAccessor::get_interpolated_dof_values. As opposed to the read_dof_values function, this function reads out the plain entries from vectors, without taking stored constraints into account. This way of access is appropriate when the constraints have been distributed on the vector by a call to AffineConstraints::distribute previously. This function is also necessary when inhomogeneous constraints are to be used, as MatrixFree can only handle homogeneous constraints. Note that if vectorization is enabled, the DoF values for several cells are set.

If the given vector template class is a block vector (determined through the template function 'IsBlockVector<VectorType>::value', which checks for vectors derived from BlockVectorBase) or an std::vector<VectorType> or std::vector<VectorType *>, this function reads n_components blocks from the block vector starting at the index first_index. For non-block vectors, first_index is ignored.

Note
If this class was constructed without a MatrixFree object and the information is acquired on the fly through a DoFHandler<dim>::cell_iterator, only one single cell is used by this class and this function extracts the values of the underlying components on the given cell. This call is slower than the ones done through a MatrixFree object and lead to a structure that does not effectively use vectorization in the evaluate routines based on these values (instead, VectorizedArray::size() same copies are worked on).

## ◆ distribute_local_to_global()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::distribute_local_to_global ( VectorType & dst, const unsigned int first_index = 0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> & mask = std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip() ) const
inherited

Takes the values stored internally on dof values of the current cell and sums them into the vector dst. The function also applies constraints during the write operation. The functionality is hence similar to the function AffineConstraints::distribute_local_to_global. If vectorization is enabled, the DoF values for several cells are used.

If the given vector template class is a block vector (determined through the template function 'IsBlockVector<VectorType>::value', which checks for vectors derived from BlockVectorBase) or an std::vector<VectorType> or std::vector<VectorType *>, this function writes to n_components blocks of the block vector starting at the index first_index. For non-block vectors, first_index is ignored.

The mask can be used to suppress the write access for some of the cells contained in the current cell vectorization batch, e.g. in case of local time stepping, where some cells are excluded from a call. A value of true in the bitset means that the respective lane index will be processed, whereas a value of false skips this index. The default setting is a bitset that contains all ones, which will write the accumulated integrals to all cells in the batch.

Note
If this class was constructed without a MatrixFree object and the information is acquired on the fly through a DoFHandler<dim>::cell_iterator, only one single cell is used by this class and this function extracts the values of the underlying components on the given cell. This call is slower than the ones done through a MatrixFree object and lead to a structure that does not effectively use vectorization in the evaluate routines based on these values (instead, VectorizedArray::size() same copies are worked on).

## ◆ set_dof_values()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::set_dof_values ( VectorType & dst, const unsigned int first_index = 0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> & mask = std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip() ) const
inherited

Takes the values stored internally on dof values of the current cell and writes them into the vector dst. The function skips the degrees of freedom which are constrained. As opposed to the distribute_local_to_global method, the old values at the position given by the current cell are overwritten. Thus, if a degree of freedom is associated to more than one cell (as usual in continuous finite elements), the values will be overwritten and only the value written last is retained. Please note that in a parallel context this function might also touch degrees of freedom owned by other MPI processes, so that a subsequent update or accumulation of ghost values as done by MatrixFree::loop() might invalidate the degrees of freedom set by this function.

If the given vector template class is a block vector (determined through the template function 'IsBlockVector<VectorType>::value', which checks for vectors derived from BlockVectorBase) or an std::vector<VectorType> or std::vector<VectorType *>, this function writes to n_components blocks of the block vector starting at the index first_index. For non-block vectors, first_index is ignored.

The mask can be used to suppress the write access for some of the cells contained in the current cell vectorization batch, e.g. in case of local time stepping, where some cells are excluded from a call. A value of true in the bitset means that the respective lane index will be processed, whereas a value of false skips this index. The default setting is a bitset that contains all ones, which will write the accumulated integrals to all cells in the batch.

Note
If this class was constructed without a MatrixFree object and the information is acquired on the fly through a DoFHandler<dim>::cell_iterator, only one single cell is used by this class and this function extracts the values of the underlying components on the given cell. This call is slower than the ones done through a MatrixFree object and lead to a structure that does not effectively use vectorization in the evaluate routines based on these values (instead, VectorizedArray::size() same copies are worked on).

## ◆ set_dof_values_plain()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::set_dof_values_plain ( VectorType & dst, const unsigned int first_index = 0, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> & mask = std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()>().flip() ) const
inherited

Same as set_dof_values(), but without resolving constraints.

## ◆ get_dof_value()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 value_type FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_dof_value ( const unsigned int dof ) const
inherited

Return the value stored for the local degree of freedom with index dof. If the object is vector-valued, a vector-valued return argument is given. Thus, the argument dof can at most run until dofs_per_component rather than dofs_per_cell since the different components of a vector-valued FE are return together. Note that when vectorization is enabled, values from several cells are grouped together. If set_dof_values was called last, the value corresponds to the one set there. If integrate was called last, it instead corresponds to the value of the integrated function with the test function of the given index.

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ submit_dof_value()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::submit_dof_value ( const value_type val_in, const unsigned int dof )
inherited

Write a value to the field containing the degrees of freedom with component dof. Writes to the same field as is accessed through get_dof_value. Therefore, the original data that was read from a vector is overwritten as soon as a value is submitted.

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ get_value()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 value_type FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_value ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the value of a finite element function at quadrature point number q_point after a call to FEEvaluation::evaluate() with EvaluationFlags::values set, or the value that has been stored there with a call to FEEvaluationBase::submit_value(). If the object is vector-valued, a vector-valued return argument is given. Note that when vectorization is enabled, values from several cells are grouped together.

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ submit_value()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::submit_value ( const value_type val_in, const unsigned int q_point )
inherited

Write a value to the field containing the values on quadrature points with component q_point. Access to the same field as through get_value(). If applied before the function FEEvaluation::integrate() with EvaluationFlags::values set is called, this specifies the value which is tested by all basis function on the current cell and integrated over.

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 gradient_type FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_gradient ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the gradient of a finite element function at quadrature point number q_point after a call to FEEvaluation::evaluate() with EvaluationFlags::gradients, or the value that has been stored there with a call to FEEvaluationBase::submit_gradient().

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ get_normal_derivative()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 value_type FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_normal_derivative ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the derivative of a finite element function at quadrature point number q_point after a call to FEEvaluation::evaluate(EvaluationFlags::gradients) the direction normal to the face: $$\boldsymbol \nabla u(\mathbf x_q) \cdot \mathbf n(\mathbf x_q)$$

This call is equivalent to calling get_gradient() * get_normal_vector() but will use a more efficient internal representation of data.

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::submit_gradient ( const gradient_type grad_in, const unsigned int q_point )
inherited

Write a contribution that is tested by the gradient to the field containing the values on quadrature points with component q_point. Access to the same field as through get_gradient(). If applied before the function FEEvaluation::integrate(EvaluationFlags::gradients) is called, this specifies what is tested by all basis function gradients on the current cell and integrated over.

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ submit_normal_derivative()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::submit_normal_derivative ( const value_type grad_in, const unsigned int q_point )
inherited

Write a contribution that is tested by the gradient to the field containing the values on quadrature points with component q_point. Access to the same field as through get_gradient() or get_normal_derivative(). If applied before the function FEEvaluation::integrate(EvaluationFlags::gradients) is called, this specifies what is tested by all basis function gradients on the current cell and integrated over.

Note
This operation writes the data to the same field as submit_gradient(). As a consequence, only one of these two can be used. Usually, the contribution of a potential call to this function must be added into the contribution for submit_gradient().
The derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ submit_hessian()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::submit_hessian ( const hessian_type hessian_in, const unsigned int q_point )
inherited

Write a contribution that is tested by the Hessian to the field containing the values at quadrature points with component q_point. Access to the same field as through get_hessian(). If applied before the function FEEvaluation::integrate(EvaluationFlags::hessians) is called, this specifies what is tested by the Hessians of all basis functions on the current cell and integrated over.

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ get_hessian()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 Tensor<1, n_components_, Tensor<2, dim, VectorizedArrayType> > FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_hessian ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the Hessian of a finite element function at quadrature point number q_point after a call to FEEvaluation::evaluate(EvaluationFlags::hessians). If only the diagonal or even the trace of the Hessian, the Laplacian, is needed, use the other functions below.

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ get_hessian_diagonal()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 gradient_type FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_hessian_diagonal ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the diagonal of the Hessian of a finite element function at quadrature point number q_point after a call to FEEvaluation::evaluate(EvaluationFlags::hessians).

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ get_laplacian()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 value_type FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_laplacian ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the Laplacian (i.e., the trace of the Hessian) of a finite element function at quadrature point number q_point after a call to FEEvaluation::evaluate(EvaluationFlags::hessians). Compared to the case when computing the full Hessian, some operations can be saved when only the Laplacian is requested.

Note that the derived class FEEvaluationAccess overloads this operation with specializations for the scalar case (n_components == 1) and for the vector-valued case (n_components == dim).

## ◆ get_divergence()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 VectorizedArrayType FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_divergence ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the divergence of a vector-valued finite element at quadrature point number q_point after a call to evaluate(...,true,...).

Note
Only available for n_components_==dim.

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 SymmetricTensor<2, dim, VectorizedArrayType> FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_symmetric_gradient ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the symmetric gradient of a vector-valued finite element at quadrature point number q_point after a call to evaluate(...,true,...). It corresponds to 0.5 (grad+gradT).

Note
Only available for n_components_==dim.

## ◆ get_curl()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 Tensor<1, (dim == 2 ? 1 : dim), VectorizedArrayType> FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_curl ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the curl of the vector field, $$\nabla \times v$$ after a call to evaluate(...,true,...).

Note
Only available for n_components_==dim.

## ◆ submit_divergence()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::submit_divergence ( const VectorizedArrayType div_in, const unsigned int q_point )
inherited

Write a contribution that is tested by the divergence to the field containing the values on quadrature points with component q_point. Access to the same field as through get_gradient. If applied before the function integrate(...,true) is called, this specifies what is tested by all basis function gradients on the current cell and integrated over.

Note
Only available for n_components_==dim.
This operation writes the data to the same field as submit_gradient(). As a consequence, only one of these two can be used. Usually, the contribution of a potential call to this function must be added into the diagonal of the contribution for submit_gradient().

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::submit_symmetric_gradient ( const SymmetricTensor< 2, dim, VectorizedArrayType > grad_in, const unsigned int q_point )
inherited

Write a contribution that is tested by the symmetric gradient to the field containing the values on quadrature points with component q_point. Access to the same field as through get_symmetric_gradient. If applied before the function integrate(...,true) is called, this specifies the symmetric gradient which is tested by all basis function symmetric gradients on the current cell and integrated over.

Note
Only available for n_components_==dim.
This operation writes the data to the same field as submit_gradient(). As a consequence, only one of these two can be used. Usually, the contribution of a potential call to this function must be added to the respective entries of the rank-2 tensor for submit_gradient().

## ◆ submit_curl()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::submit_curl ( const Tensor< 1, dim==2 ? 1 :dim, VectorizedArrayType > curl_in, const unsigned int q_point )
inherited

Write the components of a curl containing the values on quadrature point q_point. Access to the same data field as through get_gradient.

Note
Only available for n_components_==dim.
This operation writes the data to the same field as submit_gradient(). As a consequence, only one of these two can be used. Usually, the contribution of a potential call to this function must be added to the respective entries of the rank-2 tensor for submit_gradient().

## ◆ integrate_value()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 value_type FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::integrate_value ( ) const
inherited

Takes values at quadrature points, multiplies by the Jacobian determinant and quadrature weights (JxW) and sums the values for all quadrature points on the cell. The result is a scalar, representing the integral over the function over the cell. If a vector-element is used, the resulting components are still separated. Moreover, if vectorization is enabled, the integral values of several cells are contained in the slots of the returned VectorizedArray field.

Note
In case the FEEvaluation object is initialized with a batch of cells where not all lanes in the SIMD vector VectorizedArray are representing actual data, this method performs computations on dummy data (that is copied from the last valid lane) that will not make sense. Thus, the user needs to make sure that it is not used in any computation explicitly, like when summing the results of several cells.

## ◆ get_matrix_free()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 const MatrixFree& FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::get_matrix_free ( ) const
inherited

Return the underlying MatrixFree object.

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType , typename VectorOperation >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::read_write_operation ( const VectorOperation & operation, const std::array< VectorType *, n_components_ > & vectors, const std::array< const std::vector< ArrayView< const typename VectorType::value_type >> *, n_components_ > & vectors_sm, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> & mask, const bool apply_constraints = true ) const
protectedinherited

A unified function to read from and write into vectors based on the given template operation. It can perform the operation for read_dof_values, distribute_local_to_global, and set_dof_values. It performs the operation for several vectors at a time.

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType , typename VectorOperation >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::read_write_operation_contiguous ( const VectorOperation & operation, const std::array< VectorType *, n_components_ > & vectors, const std::array< const std::vector< ArrayView< const typename VectorType::value_type >> *, n_components_ > & vectors_sm, const std::bitset< VectorizedArrayType::size()> & mask ) const
protectedinherited

A unified function to read from and write into vectors based on the given template operation for DG-type schemes where all degrees of freedom on cells are contiguous. It can perform the operation for read_dof_values(), distribute_local_to_global(), and set_dof_values() for several vectors at a time, depending on n_components.

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
template<typename VectorType , typename VectorOperation >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::read_write_operation_global ( const VectorOperation & operation, const std::array< VectorType *, n_components_ > & vectors ) const
protectedinherited

A unified function to read from and write into vectors based on the given template operation for the case when we do not have an underlying MatrixFree object. It can perform the operation for read_dof_values, distribute_local_to_global, and set_dof_values. It performs the operation for several vectors at a time, depending on n_components.

## ◆ apply_hanging_node_constraints()

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 void FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::apply_hanging_node_constraints ( const bool transpose ) const
protectedinherited

Apply hanging-node constraints.

## ◆ set_data_pointers()

 void FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::set_data_pointers ( AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > * scratch_data, const unsigned int n_components )
inherited

Sets the pointers for values, gradients, hessians to the central scratch_data_array inside the given scratch array, for a given number of components as provided by one of the derived classes.

## ◆ reinit_face()

 void FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::reinit_face ( const internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::FaceToCellTopology< n_lanes > & face )
inherited

Initialize the indices related to the given face description. Used during the reinit() call of the FEFaceEvaluation class.

## ◆ get_scratch_data()

 ArrayView FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_scratch_data ( ) const
inherited

Return an ArrayView to internal memory for temporary use. Note that some of this memory is overwritten during evaluate() and integrate() calls so do not assume it to be stable over those calls. The maximum size you can write into is 3*dofs_per_cell+2*n_q_points.

## ◆ JxW()

 VectorizedArrayType FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::JxW ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the determinant of the Jacobian from the unit to the real cell times the quadrature weight.

 Point FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::quadrature_point ( const unsigned int q ) const
inherited

Returns the q-th quadrature point on the face in real coordinates stored in MappingInfo.

## ◆ inverse_jacobian()

 Tensor<2, dim, VectorizedArrayType > FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::inverse_jacobian ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the inverse and transposed version $$J^{-\mathrm T}$$ of the Jacobian of the mapping between the unit to the real cell defined as $$J_{ij} = d x_i / d\hat x_j$$. The $$(i,j)$$ entry of the returned tensor contains $$d\hat x_j/dx_i$$, i.e., columns refer to reference space coordinates and rows to real cell coordinates. Thus, the returned tensor represents a covariant transformation, which is used in the FEEvaluationBase::get_gradient() function to transform the unit cell gradients to gradients on the real cell by a multiplication $$J^{-\mathrm T} \hat{\nabla} u_h$$.

## ◆ get_normal_vector()

 Tensor<1, dim, VectorizedArrayType > FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_normal_vector ( const unsigned int q_point ) const
inherited

Return the unit normal vector on a face. Note that both sides of a face use the same orientation of the normal vector: For the faces enumerated as interior in FaceToCellTopology and selected with the is_interior_face=true flag of the constructor, this corresponds to the outer normal vector, whereas for faces enumerated as exterior in FaceToCellTopology and selected with the is_interior_face=false flag of the constructor, the normal points into the element as a consequence of the single normal vector.

Note
Only implemented in case is_face == true.

## ◆ begin_dof_values() [1/2]

 const VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::begin_dof_values ( ) const
inherited

Return a read-only pointer to the first field of the dof values. This is the data field the read_dof_values() functions write into. First come the dof values for the first component, then all values for the second component, and so on. This is related to the internal data structures used in this class. In general, it is safer to use the get_dof_value() function instead.

## ◆ begin_dof_values() [2/2]

 VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::begin_dof_values ( )
inherited

Return a read and write pointer to the first field of the dof values. This is the data field the read_dof_values() functions write into. First come the dof values for the first component, then all values for the second component, and so on. This is related to the internal data structures used in this class. In general, it is safer to use the get_dof_value() function instead.

## ◆ begin_values() [1/2]

 const VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::begin_values ( ) const
inherited

Return a read-only pointer to the first field of function values on quadrature points. First come the function values on all quadrature points for the first component, then all values for the second component, and so on. This is related to the internal data structures used in this class. The raw data after a call to evaluate only contains unit cell operations, so possible transformations, quadrature weights etc. must be applied manually. In general, it is safer to use the get_value() function instead, which does all the transformation internally.

## ◆ begin_values() [2/2]

 VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::begin_values ( )
inherited

Return a read and write pointer to the first field of function values on quadrature points. First come the function values on all quadrature points for the first component, then all values for the second component, and so on. This is related to the internal data structures used in this class. The raw data after a call to evaluate only contains unit cell operations, so possible transformations, quadrature weights etc. must be applied manually. In general, it is safer to use the get_value() function instead, which does all the transformation internally.

 const VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::begin_gradients ( ) const
inherited

Return a read-only pointer to the first field of function gradients on quadrature points. First comes the x-component of the gradient for the first component on all quadrature points, then the y-component, and so on. Next comes the x-component of the second component, and so on. This is related to the internal data structures used in this class. The raw data after a call to evaluate only contains unit cell operations, so possible transformations, quadrature weights etc. must be applied manually. In general, it is safer to use the get_gradient() function instead, which does all the transformation internally.

 VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::begin_gradients ( )
inherited

Return a read and write pointer to the first field of function gradients on quadrature points. First comes the x-component of the gradient for the first component on all quadrature points, then the y-component, and so on. Next comes the x-component of the second component, and so on. This is related to the internal data structures used in this class. The raw data after a call to evaluate only contains unit cell operations, so possible transformations, quadrature weights etc. must be applied manually. In general, it is safer to use the get_gradient() function instead, which does all the transformation internally.

## ◆ begin_hessians() [1/2]

 const VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::begin_hessians ( ) const
inherited

Return a read-only pointer to the first field of function hessians on quadrature points. First comes the xx-component of the hessian for the first component on all quadrature points, then the yy-component, zz-component in (3D), then the xy-component, and so on. Next comes the xx- component of the second component, and so on. This is related to the internal data structures used in this class. The raw data after a call to evaluate only contains unit cell operations, so possible transformations, quadrature weights etc. must be applied manually. In general, it is safer to use the get_laplacian() or get_hessian() functions instead, which does all the transformation internally.

## ◆ begin_hessians() [2/2]

 VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::begin_hessians ( )
inherited

Return a read and write pointer to the first field of function hessians on quadrature points. First comes the xx-component of the hessian for the first component on all quadrature points, then the yy-component, zz-component in (3D), then the xy-component, and so on. Next comes the xx-component of the second component, and so on. This is related to the internal data structures used in this class. The raw data after a call to evaluate only contains unit cell operations, so possible transformations, quadrature weights etc. must be applied manually. In general, it is safer to use the get_laplacian() or get_hessian() functions instead, which does all the transformation internally.

## ◆ get_mapping_data_index_offset()

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_mapping_data_index_offset ( ) const
inherited

Return the index offset within the geometry fields for the cell the reinit() function has been called for. This index can be used to access an index into a field that has the same compression behavior as the Jacobian of the geometry, e.g., to store an effective coefficient tensors that combines a coefficient with the geometry for lower memory transfer as the available data fields.

## ◆ get_cell_type()

 internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::GeometryType FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_cell_type ( ) const
inherited

Return the type of the cell the reinit() function has been called for. Valid values are cartesian for Cartesian cells (which allows for considerable data compression), affine for cells with affine mappings, and general for general cells without any compressed storage applied.

## ◆ get_shape_info()

 const ShapeInfoType& FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_shape_info ( ) const
inherited

Return a reference to the ShapeInfo object currently in use.

## ◆ get_dof_info()

 const internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::DoFInfo& FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_dof_info ( ) const
inherited

Return a reference to the DoFInfo object currently in use.

## ◆ get_internal_dof_numbering()

 const std::vector& FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_internal_dof_numbering ( ) const
inherited

Return the numbering of local degrees of freedom within the evaluation routines of FEEvaluation in terms of the standard numbering on finite elements.

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_quadrature_index ( ) const
inherited

Return the number of the quadrature formula of the present cell.

## ◆ get_current_cell_index()

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_current_cell_index ( ) const
inherited

Return index of the current cell or face.

## ◆ get_active_fe_index()

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_active_fe_index ( ) const
inherited

Return the active FE index for this class for efficient indexing in the hp-case.

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_active_quadrature_index ( ) const
inherited

Return the active quadrature index for this class for efficient indexing in the hp-case.

## ◆ get_first_selected_component()

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_first_selected_component ( ) const
inherited

Return the first selected component in a multi-component system.

## ◆ get_face_no()

 std::uint8_t FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_face_no ( const unsigned int v = 0 ) const
inherited

If is_face is true, this function returns the face number of the given lane within a cell for the face this object was initialized to. On cells where the face makes no sense, an exception is thrown.

Note
Only available for dof_access_index == dof_access_cell and is_interior_face == false.
This function depends on the internal representation of data, which is not stable between releases of deal.II, and is hence mostly for internal use.

## ◆ get_subface_index()

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_subface_index ( ) const
inherited

If is_face is true, this function returns the index of a subface along a face in case this object was initialized to a face with hanging nodes. On faces On cells where the face makes no sense, an exception is thrown.

Note
This function depends on the internal representation of data, which is not stable between releases of deal.II, and is hence mostly for internal use.

## ◆ get_face_orientation()

 std::uint8_t FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_face_orientation ( const unsigned int v = 0 ) const
inherited

If is_face is true, this function returns for a given lane the orientation index within an array of orientations as stored in ShapeInfo for unknowns and quadrature points.

Note
Only available for dof_access_index == dof_access_cell and is_interior_face == false.

## ◆ get_dof_access_index()

 internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::DoFInfo::DoFAccessIndex FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_dof_access_index ( ) const
inherited

Note
This function depends on the internal representation of data, which is not stable between releases of deal.II, and is hence mostly for internal use.

## ◆ is_interior_face()

 bool FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::is_interior_face ( ) const
inherited

Return whether this object was set up to work on what is called "interior" faces in the evaluation context.

Note
This function depends on the internal representation of data, which is not stable between releases of deal.II, and is hence mostly for internal use.

## ◆ get_cell_ids()

 const std::array& FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_cell_ids ( ) const
inlineinherited

Return the id of the cells this FEEvaluation or FEFaceEvaluation is associated with.

Definition at line 480 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ get_face_ids()

 const std::array& FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_face_ids ( ) const
inlineinherited

Return the id of the faces this FEFaceEvaluation is associated with.

Definition at line 494 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ get_cell_or_face_batch_id()

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_cell_or_face_batch_id ( ) const
inlineinherited

Return the id of the cell/face batch this FEEvaluation/FEFaceEvaluation is associated with.

Definition at line 508 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ get_cell_or_face_ids()

 const std::array& FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::get_cell_or_face_ids ( ) const
inlineinherited

Return the id of the cells/faces this FEEvaluation/FEFaceEvaluation is associated with.

Definition at line 523 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 std_cxx20::ranges::iota_view FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::quadrature_point_indices ( ) const
inherited

Return an object that can be thought of as an array containing all indices from zero to n_quadrature_points. This allows to write code using range-based for loops.

 VectorizedArrayType FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::read_cell_data ( const AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > & array ) const
inherited

Provides a unified interface to access data in a vector of VectorizedArray fields of length MatrixFree::n_cell_batches() + MatrixFree::n_ghost_cell_batches() for cell data. It is implemented both for cells and faces (access data to the associated cell).

 std::array FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::read_cell_data ( const AlignedVector< std::array< T, Number::size()>> & array ) const
inherited

The same as above, just for std::array of length of Number for arbitrary data type.

## ◆ set_cell_data() [1/2]

 void FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::set_cell_data ( AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > & array, const VectorizedArrayType & value ) const
inherited

Provides a unified interface to set data in a vector of VectorizedArray fields of length MatrixFree::n_cell_batches() + MatrixFree::n_ghost_cell_batches() for cell data. It is implemented both for cells and faces (access data to the associated cell).

## ◆ set_cell_data() [2/2]

 void FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::set_cell_data ( AlignedVector< std::array< T, Number::size()>> & array, const std::array< T, Number::size()> & value ) const
inherited

The same as above, just for std::array of length of Number for arbitrary data type.

 VectorizedArrayType FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::read_face_data ( const AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > & array ) const
inherited

Provides a unified interface to access data in a vector of VectorizedArray fields of length MatrixFree::n_inner_face_batches() + MatrixFree::n_boundary_face_batches() + MatrixFree::n_ghost_inner_face_batches() for face data.

Note
Only implemented for faces.

 std::array FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::read_face_data ( const AlignedVector< std::array< T, Number::size()>> & array ) const
inherited

The same as above, just for std::array of length of Number for arbitrary data type.

## ◆ set_face_data() [1/2]

 void FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::set_face_data ( AlignedVector< VectorizedArrayType > & array, const VectorizedArrayType & value ) const
inherited

Provides a unified interface to set data in a vector of VectorizedArray fields of length MatrixFree::n_inner_face_batches() + MatrixFree::n_boundary_face_batches() + MatrixFree::n_ghost_inner_face_batches() for face data.

Note
Only implemented for faces.

## ◆ set_face_data() [2/2]

 void FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::set_face_data ( AlignedVector< std::array< T, Number::size()>> & array, const std::array< T, Number::size()> & value ) const
inherited

The same as above, just for std::array of length of Number for arbitrary data type.

## ◆ dimension

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 constexpr unsigned int FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::dimension = dim
staticconstexpr

The dimension given as template argument.

Definition at line 1942 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ n_components

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 constexpr unsigned int FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::n_components = n_components_
staticconstexpr

The number of solution components of the evaluator given as template argument.

Definition at line 1948 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ static_n_q_points

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 constexpr unsigned int FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::static_n_q_points
staticconstexpr
Initial value:
=
Utilities::pow(n_q_points_1d, dim)
constexpr T pow(const T base, const int iexp)
Definition: utilities.h:462

The static number of quadrature points determined from the given template argument n_q_points_1d. Note that the actual number of quadrature points, n_q_points, can be different if fe_degree=-1 is given and run-time loop lengths are used rather than compile time ones.

Definition at line 1956 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ static_dofs_per_component

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 constexpr unsigned int FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::static_dofs_per_component
staticconstexpr
Initial value:
=
Utilities::pow(fe_degree + 1, dim)

The static number of degrees of freedom of a scalar component determined from the given template argument fe_degree. Note that the actual number of degrees of freedom dofs_per_component can be different if fe_degree=-1 is given or if the underlying is of more complicated type than the usual FE_Q or FE_DGQ ones, such as FE_DGP.

Definition at line 1966 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ tensor_dofs_per_cell

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 constexpr unsigned int FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::tensor_dofs_per_cell
staticconstexpr
Initial value:
=
static constexpr unsigned int n_components
static constexpr unsigned int static_dofs_per_component

The static number of degrees of freedom of all components determined from the given template argument fe_degree. Note that the actual number of degrees of freedom dofs_per_cell can be different if fe_degree=-1 is given or if the underlying is of more complicated type than the usual FE_Q or FE_DGQ ones, such as FE_DGP.

Definition at line 1976 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ static_dofs_per_cell

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 constexpr unsigned int FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::static_dofs_per_cell
staticconstexpr
Initial value:

The static number of degrees of freedom of all components determined from the given template argument fe_degree. Note that the actual number of degrees of freedom dofs_per_cell can be different if fe_degree=-1 is given or if the underlying is of more complicated type than the usual FE_Q or FE_DGQ ones, such as FE_DGP.

Definition at line 1986 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ dofs_per_component

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 const unsigned int FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::dofs_per_component

The number of degrees of freedom of a single component on the cell for the underlying evaluation object. Usually close to static_dofs_per_component, but the number depends on the actual element selected and is thus not static.

Definition at line 2334 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ dofs_per_cell

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 const unsigned int FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::dofs_per_cell

The number of degrees of freedom on the cell accumulated over all components in the current evaluation object. Usually close to static_dofs_per_cell = static_dofs_per_component*n_components, but the number depends on the actual element selected and is thus not static.

Definition at line 2342 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ n_q_points

template<int dim, int fe_degree, int n_q_points_1d, int n_components_, typename Number , typename VectorizedArrayType >
 const unsigned int FEEvaluation< dim, fe_degree, n_q_points_1d, n_components_, Number, VectorizedArrayType >::n_q_points

The number of quadrature points in use. If the number of quadrature points in 1d is given as a template, this number is simply the dim-th power of that value. If the element degree is set to -1 (dynamic selection of element degree), the static value of quadrature points is inaccurate and this value must be used instead.

Definition at line 2351 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ scratch_data_array

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 AlignedVector* FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::scratch_data_array
protectedinherited

This is the general array for all data fields.

Definition at line 732 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ matrix_free

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 const MatrixFree* FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::matrix_free
protectedinherited

A pointer to the underlying data.

Definition at line 737 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ local_dof_indices

template<int dim, int n_components_, typename Number , bool is_face, typename VectorizedArrayType >
 std::vector FEEvaluationBase< dim, n_components_, Number, is_face, VectorizedArrayType >::local_dof_indices
mutableprotectedinherited

A temporary data structure necessary to read degrees of freedom when no MatrixFree object was given at initialization.

Definition at line 743 of file fe_evaluation.h.

## ◆ n_lanes

 constexpr unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::n_lanes
staticconstexprinherited

Definition at line 128 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ data

 const ShapeInfoType* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::data
protectedinherited

A pointer to the unit cell shape data, i.e., values, gradients and Hessians in 1D at the quadrature points that constitute the tensor product. Also contained in matrix_info, but it simplifies code if we store a reference to it.

Definition at line 673 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ dof_info

 const DoFInfo* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::dof_info
protectedinherited

A pointer to the underlying DoF indices and constraint description for the component specified at construction. Also contained in matrix_info, but it simplifies code if we store a reference to it.

Definition at line 680 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ mapping_data

 const MappingInfoStorageType* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::mapping_data
protectedinherited

A pointer to the underlying transformation data from unit to real cells for the given quadrature formula specified at construction. Also contained in matrix_info, but it simplifies code if we store a reference to it.

Definition at line 688 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 const unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::quad_no
protectedinherited

The number of the quadrature formula of the present cell among all quadrature formulas available in the MatrixFree objects pass to derived classes.

Definition at line 695 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ n_fe_components

 const unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::n_fe_components
protectedinherited

Stores the number of components in the finite element as detected in the MatrixFree storage class for comparison with the template argument.

Definition at line 701 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ first_selected_component

 const unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::first_selected_component
protectedinherited

For a FiniteElement with more than one base element, select at which component this data structure should start.

Definition at line 707 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ active_fe_index

 const unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::active_fe_index
protectedinherited

The active FE index for this class for efficient indexing in the hp-case.

Definition at line 712 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 const unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::active_quad_index
protectedinherited

The active quadrature index for this class for efficient indexing in the hp-case.

Definition at line 718 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ descriptor

 const MappingInfoStorageType::QuadratureDescriptor* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::descriptor
protectedinherited

A pointer to the underlying quadrature formula specified at construction. Also contained in mapping_data, but it simplifies code if we store a reference to it.

Definition at line 725 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 const unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::n_quadrature_points
protectedinherited

The number of quadrature points in the current evaluation context.

Definition at line 730 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 const Point* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::quadrature_points
protectedinherited

A pointer to the quadrature-point information of the present cell. Only set to a useful value if on a non-Cartesian cell.

Definition at line 736 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ jacobian

 const Tensor<2, dim, VectorizedArrayType >* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::jacobian
protectedinherited

A pointer to the inverse transpose Jacobian information of the present cell. Only the first inverse transpose Jacobian (q_point = 0) is set for Cartesian/affine cells, and the actual Jacobian is stored at index 1 instead. For faces on hypercube elements, the derivatives are reorder s.t. the derivative orthogonal to the face is stored last, i.e for dim = 3 and face_no = 0 or 1, the derivatives are ordered as [dy, dz, dx], face_no = 2 or 3: [dz, dx, dy], and face_no = 5 or 6: [dx, dy, dz]. If the Jacobian also is stored, the components are instead reordered in the same way. Filled from MappingInfoStorage.jacobians in include/deal.II/matrix_free/mapping_info.templates.h

Definition at line 750 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 const Tensor<1, dim *(dim + 1) / 2, Tensor<1, dim, VectorizedArrayType > >* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::jacobian_gradients
protectedinherited

A pointer to the gradients of the inverse Jacobian transformation of the present cell.

Definition at line 757 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ J_value

 const VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::J_value
protectedinherited

A pointer to the Jacobian determinant of the present cell. If on a Cartesian cell or on a cell with constant Jacobian, this is just the Jacobian determinant, otherwise the Jacobian determinant times the quadrature weight.

Definition at line 765 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ normal_vectors

 const Tensor<1, dim, VectorizedArrayType >* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::normal_vectors
protectedinherited

A pointer to the normal vectors at faces.

Definition at line 770 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ normal_x_jacobian

 const Tensor<1, dim, VectorizedArrayType >* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::normal_x_jacobian
protectedinherited

A pointer to the normal vectors times the jacobian at faces.

Definition at line 775 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 const ScalarNumber* FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::quadrature_weights
protectedinherited

Definition at line 780 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ scratch_data

 ArrayView FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::scratch_data
mutableprotectedinherited

This is the user-visible part of FEEvaluationBase::scratch_data_array, only showing the part that can be consumed by various users. It is set during the allocation of the internal data structures in FEEvaluationBase.

Definition at line 788 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ values_dofs

 VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::values_dofs
protectedinherited

This field stores the values for local degrees of freedom (e.g. after reading out from a vector but before applying unit cell transformations or before distributing them into a result vector). The methods get_dof_value() and submit_dof_value() read from or write to this field.

The values of this array are stored in the start section of scratch_data_array. Due to its access as a thread local memory, the memory can get reused between different calls.

Definition at line 800 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::values_quad
protectedinherited

This field stores the values of the finite element function on quadrature points after applying unit cell transformations or before integrating. The methods get_value() and submit_value() access this field.

The values of this array are stored in the start section of scratch_data_array. Due to its access as a thread local memory, the memory can get reused between different calls.

Definition at line 811 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

protectedinherited

This field stores the gradients of the finite element function on quadrature points after applying unit cell transformations or before integrating. The methods get_gradient() and submit_gradient() (as well as some specializations like get_symmetric_gradient() or get_divergence()) access this field.

The values of this array are stored in the start section of scratch_data_array. Due to its access as a thread local memory, the memory can get reused between different calls.

Definition at line 824 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

protectedinherited

This field stores the gradients of the finite element function on quadrature points after applying unit cell transformations or before integrating. The methods get_hessian() and submit_hessian() (as well as some specializations like get_hessian_diagonal() or get_laplacian()) access this field for general cell/face types.

The values of this array are stored in the start section of scratch_data_array. Due to its access as a thread local memory, the memory can get reused between different calls.

Definition at line 837 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 VectorizedArrayType * FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::hessians_quad
protectedinherited

This field stores the Hessians of the finite element function on quadrature points after applying unit cell transformations. The methods get_hessian(), get_laplacian(), get_hessian_diagonal() access this field.

The values of this array are stored in the start section of scratch_data_array. Due to its access as a thread local memory, the memory can get reused between different calls.

Definition at line 848 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ is_reinitialized

 bool FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::is_reinitialized
protectedinherited

Debug information to track whether the reinit() function of derived classes was called.

Definition at line 854 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ dof_values_initialized

 bool FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::dof_values_initialized
protectedinherited

Debug information to track whether dof values have been initialized before accessed. Used to control exceptions when uninitialized data is used.

Definition at line 861 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 bool FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::values_quad_initialized
protectedinherited

Debug information to track whether values on quadrature points have been initialized before accessed. Used to control exceptions when uninitialized data is used.

Definition at line 868 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

protectedinherited

Debug information to track whether gradients on quadrature points have been initialized before accessed. Used to control exceptions when uninitialized data is used.

Definition at line 875 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 bool FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::hessians_quad_initialized
protectedinherited

Debug information to track whether Hessians on quadrature points have been initialized before accessed. Used to control exceptions when uninitialized data is used.

Definition at line 882 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 bool FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::values_quad_submitted
protectedinherited

Debug information to track whether values on quadrature points have been submitted for integration before the integration is actually stared. Used to control exceptions when uninitialized data is used.

Definition at line 889 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

protectedinherited

Debug information to track whether gradients on quadrature points have been submitted for integration before the integration is actually stared. Used to control exceptions when uninitialized data is used.

Definition at line 896 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

 bool FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::hessians_quad_submitted
protectedinherited

Debug information to track whether hessians on quadrature points have been submitted for integration before the integration is actually stared. Used to control exceptions when uninitialized data is used.

Definition at line 903 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ cell

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::cell
protectedinherited

After a call to reinit(), stores the number of the cell we are currently working with.

Definition at line 909 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ interior_face

 bool FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::interior_face
protectedinherited

Flag holding information whether a face is an interior or exterior face according to the defined direction of the normal. For cells it defines if the dof values should be read from the actual cell corresponding to the interior face or the neighboring cell corresponding to the exterior face.

Definition at line 917 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ dof_access_index

 internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::DoFInfo::DoFAccessIndex FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::dof_access_index
protectedinherited

Stores the index an FEFaceEvaluation object is currently pointing into (interior face, exterior face, data associated with cell).

Definition at line 923 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ face_numbers

 std::array FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::face_numbers
protectedinherited

Stores the (non-vectorized) number of faces within cells in case of ECL for the exterior cells where the single number face_no is not enough to cover all cases.

Note
Only available for dof_access_index == dof_access_cell and is_interior_face == false.

Definition at line 933 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ face_orientations

 std::array FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::face_orientations
protectedinherited

Store the orientation of the neighbor's faces with respect to the current cell for the case of exterior faces on ECL with possibly different orientations behind different cells.

Note
Only available for dof_access_index == dof_access_cell and is_interior_face == false.

Definition at line 943 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ subface_index

 unsigned int FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::subface_index
protectedinherited

Stores the subface index of the given face. Usually, this variable takes the value numbers::invalid_unsigned_int to indicate integration over the full face, but in case the current physical face has a neighbor that is more refined, it is a subface and must scale the entries in ShapeInfo appropriately.

Definition at line 952 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ cell_type

 internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::GeometryType FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::cell_type
protectedinherited

Stores the type of the cell we are currently working with after a call to reinit(). Valid values are cartesian, affine and general, which have different implications on how the Jacobian transformations are stored internally in MappingInfo.

Definition at line 960 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ cell_ids

 std::array FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::cell_ids
protectedinherited

Stores the (non-vectorized) id of the cells or faces this object is initialized to. Relevant for ECL.

Definition at line 966 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ face_ids

 std::array FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::face_ids
protectedinherited

Stores the (non-vectorized) id of the cells or faces this object is initialized to. Relevant for ECL.

Definition at line 972 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

## ◆ mapped_geometry

 std::shared_ptr< internal::MatrixFreeFunctions::MappingDataOnTheFly > FEEvaluationData< dim, VectorizedArrayType , is_face >::mapped_geometry
protectedinherited

Geometry data that can be generated FEValues on the fly with the respective constructor, as an alternative to the entry point with MatrixFree.

Definition at line 981 of file fe_evaluation_data.h.

The documentation for this class was generated from the following file: