Reference documentation for deal.II version Git ab1cc5b 2017-03-24 06:23:49 -0600
Static Public Member Functions | Static Public Attributes | Private Member Functions | Private Attributes | Friends | List of all members
LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number > Class Template Reference

#include <deal.II/lac/la_parallel_vector.h>

Inheritance diagram for LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >:
[legend]

Public Member Functions

1: Basic Object-handling
 Vector ()
 
 Vector (const Vector< Number > &in_vector)
 
 Vector (const size_type size)
 
 Vector (const IndexSet &local_range, const IndexSet &ghost_indices, const MPI_Comm communicator)
 
 Vector (const IndexSet &local_range, const MPI_Comm communicator)
 
 Vector (const std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner > &partitioner)
 
virtual ~Vector ()
 
void reinit (const size_type size, const bool omit_zeroing_entries=false)
 
template<typename Number2 >
void reinit (const Vector< Number2 > &in_vector, const bool omit_zeroing_entries=false)
 
void reinit (const IndexSet &local_range, const IndexSet &ghost_indices, const MPI_Comm communicator)
 
void reinit (const IndexSet &local_range, const MPI_Comm communicator)
 
void reinit (const std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner > &partitioner)
 
void swap (Vector< Number > &v)
 
Vector< Number > & operator= (const Vector< Number > &in_vector)
 
template<typename Number2 >
Vector< Number > & operator= (const Vector< Number2 > &in_vector)
 
Vector< Number > & operator= (const PETScWrappers::MPI::Vector &petsc_vec) 1
 
Vector< Number > & operator= (const TrilinosWrappers::MPI::Vector &trilinos_vec) 1
 
2: Parallel data exchange
void compress (::VectorOperation::values operation)
 
void update_ghost_values () const
 
void compress_start (const unsigned int communication_channel=0,::VectorOperation::values operation=VectorOperation::add)
 
void compress_finish (::VectorOperation::values operation)
 
void update_ghost_values_start (const unsigned int communication_channel=0) const
 
void update_ghost_values_finish () const
 
void zero_out_ghosts ()
 
bool has_ghost_elements () const
 
3: Implementation of VectorSpaceVector
virtual Vector< Number > & operator*= (const Number factor)
 
virtual Vector< Number > & operator/= (const Number factor)
 
virtual Vector< Number > & operator+= (const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &V)
 
virtual Vector< Number > & operator-= (const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &V)
 
virtual void import (const LinearAlgebra::ReadWriteVector< Number > &V, VectorOperation::values operation, std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const CommunicationPatternBase > communication_pattern=std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const CommunicationPatternBase >())
 
virtual Number operator* (const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &V) const
 
virtual void add (const Number a)
 
virtual void add (const Number a, const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &V)
 
virtual void add (const Number a, const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &V, const Number b, const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &W)
 
virtual void add (const std::vector< size_type > &indices, const std::vector< Number > &values)
 
virtual void sadd (const Number s, const Number a, const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &V)
 
virtual void scale (const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &scaling_factors)
 
virtual void equ (const Number a, const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &V)
 
virtual real_type l1_norm () const
 
virtual real_type l2_norm () const
 
virtual real_type linfty_norm () const
 
virtual Number add_and_dot (const Number a, const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &V, const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &W)
 
virtual size_type size () const
 
virtual ::IndexSet locally_owned_elements () const
 
virtual void print (std::ostream &out, const unsigned int precision=3, const bool scientific=true, const bool across=true) const
 
virtual std::size_t memory_consumption () const
 
4: Other vector operations not included in VectorSpaceVector
Vector< Number > & operator= (const Number s)
 
template<typename OtherNumber >
void add (const std::vector< size_type > &indices, const ::Vector< OtherNumber > &values)
 
template<typename OtherNumber >
void add (const size_type n_elements, const size_type *indices, const OtherNumber *values)
 
void sadd (const Number s, const Vector< Number > &V)
 
void sadd (const Number s, const Number a, const Vector< Number > &V, const Number b, const Vector< Number > &W) 1
 
void equ (const Number a, const Vector< Number > &u, const Number b, const Vector< Number > &v) 1
 
5: Entry access and local data representation
size_type local_size () const
 
std::pair< size_type, size_type > local_range () const 1
 
bool in_local_range (const size_type global_index) const 1
 
size_type n_ghost_entries () const 1
 
const IndexSetghost_elements () const 1
 
bool is_ghost_entry (const types::global_dof_index global_index) const 1
 
iterator begin ()
 
const_iterator begin () const
 
iterator end ()
 
const_iterator end () const
 
Number operator() (const size_type global_index) const
 
Number & operator() (const size_type global_index)
 
Number operator[] (const size_type global_index) const
 
Number & operator[] (const size_type global_index)
 
Number local_element (const size_type local_index) const
 
Number & local_element (const size_type local_index)
 
template<typename OtherNumber >
void extract_subvector_to (const std::vector< size_type > &indices, std::vector< OtherNumber > &values) const
 
template<typename ForwardIterator , typename OutputIterator >
void extract_subvector_to (ForwardIterator indices_begin, const ForwardIterator indices_end, OutputIterator values_begin) const
 
bool all_zero () const
 
virtual Number mean_value () const
 
real_type lp_norm (const real_type p) const
 
6: Mixed stuff
const MPI_Comm & get_mpi_communicator () const
 
const std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner > & get_partitioner () const
 
bool partitioners_are_compatible (const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner &part) const
 
bool partitioners_are_globally_compatible (const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner &part) const
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >
virtual void compress (VectorOperation::values)
 
virtual ~VectorSpaceVector ()
 
- Public Member Functions inherited from Subscriptor
 Subscriptor ()
 
 Subscriptor (const Subscriptor &)
 
 Subscriptor (Subscriptor &&)
 
virtual ~Subscriptor ()
 
Subscriptoroperator= (const Subscriptor &)
 
Subscriptoroperator= (Subscriptor &&)
 
void subscribe (const char *identifier=0) const
 
void unsubscribe (const char *identifier=0) const
 
unsigned int n_subscriptions () const
 
void list_subscribers () const
 
template<class Archive >
void serialize (Archive &ar, const unsigned int version)
 

Static Public Member Functions

static::ExceptionBase & ExcVectorTypeNotCompatible ()
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcNonMatchingElements (Number arg1, Number arg2, unsigned int arg3)
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcAccessToNonLocalElement (size_type arg1, size_type arg2, size_type arg3, size_type arg4)
 
- Static Public Member Functions inherited from Subscriptor
static::ExceptionBase & ExcInUse (int arg1, char *arg2, std::string &arg3)
 
static::ExceptionBase & ExcNoSubscriber (char *arg1, char *arg2)
 

Static Public Attributes

static const bool supports_distributed_data = true
 

Private Member Functions

bool all_zero_local () const
 
template<typename Number2 >
Number inner_product_local (const Vector< Number2 > &V) const
 
real_type norm_sqr_local () const
 
Number mean_value_local () const
 
real_type l1_norm_local () const
 
real_type lp_norm_local (const real_type p) const
 
real_type linfty_norm_local () const
 
Number add_and_dot_local (const Number a, const Vector< Number > &V, const Vector< Number > &W)
 
void clear_mpi_requests ()
 
void resize_val (const size_type new_allocated_size)
 

Private Attributes

std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const Utilities::MPI::Partitionerpartitioner
 
size_type allocated_size
 
Number * val
 
std_cxx11::shared_ptr< ::parallel::internal::TBBPartitioner > thread_loop_partitioner
 
Number * import_data
 
bool vector_is_ghosted
 
std::vector< MPI_Request > compress_requests
 
std::vector< MPI_Request > update_ghost_values_requests
 
Threads::Mutex mutex
 

Friends

template<typename Number2 >
class Vector
 
template<typename Number2 >
class BlockVector
 

Detailed Description

template<typename Number>
class LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >

Implementation of a parallel vector class. The design of this class is similar to the standard Vector class in deal.II, with the exception that storage is distributed with MPI.

The vector is designed for the following scheme of parallel partitioning:

Functions related to parallel functionality:

This vector can take two different states with respect to ghost elements:

This vector uses the facilities of the class ::Vector<Number> for implementing the operations on the local range of the vector. In particular, it also inherits thread parallelism that splits most vector-vector operations into smaller chunks if the program uses multiple threads. This may or may not be desired when working also with MPI.

Limitations regarding the vector size

This vector class is based on two different number types for indexing. The so-called global index type encodes the overall size of the vector. Its type is types::global_dof_index. The largest possible value is 2^32-1 or approximately 4 billion in case 64 bit integers are disabled at configuration of deal.II (default case) or 2^64-1 or approximately 10^19 if 64 bit integers are enabled (see the glossary entry on When to use types::global_dof_index instead of unsigned int for further information).

The second relevant index type is the local index used within one MPI rank. As opposed to the global index, the implementation assumes 32-bit unsigned integers unconditionally. In other words, to actually use a vector with more than four billion entries, you need to use MPI with more than one rank (which in general is a safe assumption since four billion entries consume at least 16 GB of memory for floats or 32 GB of memory for doubles) and enable 64-bit indices. If more than 4 billion local elements are present, the implementation tries to detect that, which triggers an exception and aborts the code. Note, however, that the detection of overflow is tricky and the detection mechanism might fail in some circumstances. Therefore, it is strongly recommended to not rely on this class to automatically detect the unsupported case.

Author
Katharina Kormann, Martin Kronbichler, 2010, 2011, 2016

Definition at line 176 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

template<typename Number>
LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::Vector ( )

Empty constructor.

template<typename Number>
LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::Vector ( const Vector< Number > &  in_vector)

Copy constructor. Uses the parallel partitioning of in_vector.

template<typename Number>
LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::Vector ( const size_type  size)

Construct a parallel vector of the given global size without any actual parallel distribution.

template<typename Number>
LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::Vector ( const IndexSet local_range,
const IndexSet ghost_indices,
const MPI_Comm  communicator 
)

Construct a parallel vector. The local range is specified by locally_owned_set (note that this must be a contiguous interval, multiple intervals are not possible). The IndexSet ghost_indices specifies ghost indices, i.e., indices which one might need to read data from or accumulate data from. It is allowed that the set of ghost indices also contains the local range, but it does not need to.

This function involves global communication, so it should only be called once for a given layout. Use the constructor with Vector<Number> argument to create additional vectors with the same parallel layout.

See also
vectors with ghost elements
template<typename Number>
LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::Vector ( const IndexSet local_range,
const MPI_Comm  communicator 
)

Same constructor as above but without any ghost indices.

template<typename Number>
LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::Vector ( const std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner > &  partitioner)

Create the vector based on the parallel partitioning described in partitioner. The input argument is a shared pointer, which store the partitioner data only once and share it between several vectors with the same layout.

template<typename Number>
virtual LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::~Vector ( )
virtual

Destructor.

Member Function Documentation

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::reinit ( const size_type  size,
const bool  omit_zeroing_entries = false 
)

Set the global size of the vector to size without any actual parallel distribution.

template<typename Number>
template<typename Number2 >
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::reinit ( const Vector< Number2 > &  in_vector,
const bool  omit_zeroing_entries = false 
)

Uses the parallel layout of the input vector in_vector and allocates memory for this vector. Recommended initialization function when several vectors with the same layout should be created.

If the flag omit_zeroing_entries is set to false, the memory will be initialized with zero, otherwise the memory will be untouched (and the user must make sure to fill it with reasonable data before using it).

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::reinit ( const IndexSet local_range,
const IndexSet ghost_indices,
const MPI_Comm  communicator 
)

Initialize the vector. The local range is specified by locally_owned_set (note that this must be a contiguous interval, multiple intervals are not possible). The IndexSet ghost_indices specifies ghost indices, i.e., indices which one might need to read data from or accumulate data from. It is allowed that the set of ghost indices also contains the local range, but it does not need to.

This function involves global communication, so it should only be called once for a given layout. Use the reinit function with Vector<Number> argument to create additional vectors with the same parallel layout.

See also
vectors with ghost elements
template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::reinit ( const IndexSet local_range,
const MPI_Comm  communicator 
)

Same as above, but without ghost entries.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::reinit ( const std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner > &  partitioner)

Initialize the vector given to the parallel partitioning described in partitioner. The input argument is a shared pointer, which store the partitioner data only once and share it between several vectors with the same layout.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::swap ( Vector< Number > &  v)

Swap the contents of this vector and the other vector v. One could do this operation with a temporary variable and copying over the data elements, but this function is significantly more efficient since it only swaps the pointers to the data of the two vectors and therefore does not need to allocate temporary storage and move data around.

This function is analogous to the the swap function of all C++ standard containers. Also, there is a global function swap(u,v) that simply calls u.swap(v), again in analogy to standard functions.

This function is virtual in order to allow for derived classes to handle memory separately.

template<typename Number>
Vector<Number>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator= ( const Vector< Number > &  in_vector)

Assigns the vector to the parallel partitioning of the input vector in_vector, and copies all the data.

If one of the input vector or the calling vector (to the left of the assignment operator) had ghost elements set before this operation, the calling vector will have ghost values set. Otherwise, it will be in write mode. If the input vector does not have any ghost elements at all, the vector will also update its ghost values in analogy to the respective setting the Trilinos and PETSc vectors.

template<typename Number>
template<typename Number2 >
Vector<Number>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator= ( const Vector< Number2 > &  in_vector)

Assigns the vector to the parallel partitioning of the input vector in_vector, and copies all the data.

If one of the input vector or the calling vector (to the left of the assignment operator) had ghost elements set before this operation, the calling vector will have ghost values set. Otherwise, it will be in write mode. If the input vector does not have any ghost elements at all, the vector will also update its ghost values in analogy to the respective setting the Trilinos and PETSc vectors.

template<typename Number>
Vector<Number>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator= ( const PETScWrappers::MPI::Vector< Number > &  petsc_vec)

Copy the content of a PETSc vector into the calling vector. This function assumes that the vectors layouts have already been initialized to match.

This operator is only available if deal.II was configured with PETSc.

This function is deprecated. Use the interface through ReadWriteVector instead.

template<typename Number>
Vector<Number>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator= ( const TrilinosWrappers::MPI::Vector< Number > &  trilinos_vec)

Copy the content of a Trilinos vector into the calling vector. This function assumes that the vectors layouts have already been initialized to match.

This operator is only available if deal.II was configured with Trilinos.

This function is deprecated. Use the interface through ReadWriteVector instead.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::compress ( ::VectorOperation::values  operation)

This function copies the data that has accumulated in the data buffer for ghost indices to the owning processor. For the meaning of the argument operation, see the entry on Compressing distributed vectors and matrices in the glossary.

There are two variants for this function. If called with argument VectorOperation::add adds all the data accumulated in ghost elements to the respective elements on the owning processor and clears the ghost array afterwards. If called with argument VectorOperation::insert, a set operation is performed. Since setting elements in a vector with ghost elements is ambiguous (as one can set both the element on the ghost site as well as the owning site), this operation makes the assumption that all data is set correctly on the owning processor. Upon call of compress(VectorOperation::insert), all ghost entries are thus simply zeroed out (using zero_ghost_values()). In debug mode, a check is performed for whether the data set is actually consistent between processors, i.e., whenever a non-zero ghost element is found, it is compared to the value on the owning processor and an exception is thrown if these elements do not agree.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::update_ghost_values ( ) const

Fills the data field for ghost indices with the values stored in the respective positions of the owning processor. This function is needed before reading from ghosts. The function is const even though ghost data is changed. This is needed to allow functions with a const vector to perform the data exchange without creating temporaries.

After calling this method, write access to ghost elements of the vector is forbidden and an exception is thrown. Only read access to ghost elements is allowed in this state. Note that all subsequent operations on this vector, like global vector addition, etc., will also update the ghost values by a call to this method after the operation. However, global reduction operations like norms or the inner product will always ignore ghost elements in order to avoid counting the ghost data more than once. To allow writing to ghost elements again, call zero_out_ghosts().

See also
vectors with ghost elements
template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::compress_start ( const unsigned int  communication_channel = 0,
::VectorOperation::values  operation = VectorOperation::add 
)

Initiates communication for the compress() function with non- blocking communication. This function does not wait for the transfer to finish, in order to allow for other computations during the time it takes until all data arrives.

Before the data is actually exchanged, the function must be followed by a call to compress_finish().

In case this function is called for more than one vector before compress_finish() is invoked, it is mandatory to specify a unique communication channel to each such call, in order to avoid several messages with the same ID that will corrupt this operation.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::compress_finish ( ::VectorOperation::values  operation)

For all requests that have been initiated in compress_start, wait for the communication to finish. Once it is finished, add or set the data (depending on the flag operation) to the respective positions in the owning processor, and clear the contents in the ghost data fields. The meaning of this argument is the same as in compress().

This function should be called exactly once per vector after calling compress_start, otherwise the result is undefined. In particular, it is not well-defined to call compress_start on the same vector again before compress_finished has been called. However, there is no warning to prevent this situation.

Must follow a call to the compress_start function.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::update_ghost_values_start ( const unsigned int  communication_channel = 0) const

Initiates communication for the update_ghost_values() function with non-blocking communication. This function does not wait for the transfer to finish, in order to allow for other computations during the time it takes until all data arrives.

Before the data is actually exchanged, the function must be followed by a call to update_ghost_values_finish().

In case this function is called for more than one vector before update_ghost_values_finish() is invoked, it is mandatory to specify a unique communication channel to each such call, in order to avoid several messages with the same ID that will corrupt this operation.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::update_ghost_values_finish ( ) const

For all requests that have been started in update_ghost_values_start, wait for the communication to finish.

Must follow a call to the update_ghost_values_start function before reading data from ghost indices.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::zero_out_ghosts ( )

This method zeros the entries on ghost dofs, but does not touch locally owned DoFs.

After calling this method, read access to ghost elements of the vector is forbidden and an exception is thrown. Only write access to ghost elements is allowed in this state.

template<typename Number>
bool LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::has_ghost_elements ( ) const

Return whether the vector currently is in a state where ghost values can be read or not. This is the same functionality as other parallel vectors have. If this method returns false, this only means that read-access to ghost elements is prohibited whereas write access is still possible (to those entries specified as ghosts during initialization), not that there are no ghost elements at all.

See also
vectors with ghost elements
template<typename Number>
virtual Vector<Number>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator*= ( const Number  factor)
virtual

Multiply the entire vector by a fixed factor.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual Vector<Number>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator/= ( const Number  factor)
virtual

Divide the entire vector by a fixed factor.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual Vector<Number>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator+= ( const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  V)
virtual

Add the vector V to the present one.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual Vector<Number>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator-= ( const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  V)
virtual

Subtract the vector V from the present one.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::import ( const LinearAlgebra::ReadWriteVector< Number > &  V,
VectorOperation::values  operation,
std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const CommunicationPatternBase communication_pattern = std_cxx11::shared_ptr< const CommunicationPatternBase >() 
)
virtual

Import all the elements present in the vector's IndexSet from the input vector V. VectorOperation::values operation is used to decide if the elements in V should be added to the current vector or replace the current elements. The last parameter can be used if the same communication pattern is used multiple times. This can be used to improve performance.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual Number LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator* ( const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  V) const
virtual

Return the scalar product of two vectors.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::add ( const Number  a)
virtual

Add a to all components. Note that a is a scalar not a vector.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::add ( const Number  a,
const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  V 
)
virtual

Simple addition of a multiple of a vector, i.e. *this += a*V.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::add ( const Number  a,
const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  V,
const Number  b,
const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  W 
)
virtual

Multiple addition of scaled vectors, i.e. *this += a*V+b*W.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::add ( const std::vector< size_type > &  indices,
const std::vector< Number > &  values 
)
virtual

A collective add operation: This function adds a whole set of values stored in values to the vector components specified by indices.

template<typename Number>
virtual void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::sadd ( const Number  s,
const Number  a,
const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  V 
)
virtual

Scaling and simple addition of a multiple of a vector, i.e. *this = s*(*this)+a*V.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::scale ( const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  scaling_factors)
virtual

Scale each element of this vector by the corresponding element in the argument. This function is mostly meant to simulate multiplication (and immediate re-assignment) by a diagonal scaling matrix.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::equ ( const Number  a,
const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  V 
)
virtual

Assignment *this = a*V.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual real_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::l1_norm ( ) const
virtual

Return the l1 norm of the vector (i.e., the sum of the absolute values of all entries among all processors).

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual real_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::l2_norm ( ) const
virtual

Return the l2 norm of the vector (i.e., the square root of the sum of the square of all entries among all processors).

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual real_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::linfty_norm ( ) const
virtual

Return the maximum norm of the vector (i.e., the maximum absolute value among all entries and among all processors).

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual Number LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::add_and_dot ( const Number  a,
const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  V,
const VectorSpaceVector< Number > &  W 
)
virtual

Perform a combined operation of a vector addition and a subsequent inner product, returning the value of the inner product. In other words, the result of this function is the same as if the user called

this->add(a, V);
return_value = *this * W;

The reason this function exists is that this operation involves less memory transfer than calling the two functions separately. This method only needs to load three vectors, this, V, W, whereas calling separate methods means to load the calling vector this twice. Since most vector operations are memory transfer limited, this reduces the time by 25% (or 50% if W equals this).

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual size_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::size ( ) const
virtual

Return the global size of the vector, equal to the sum of the number of locally owned indices among all processors.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual ::IndexSet LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::locally_owned_elements ( ) const
virtual

Return an index set that describes which elements of this vector are owned by the current processor. As a consequence, the index sets returned on different procesors if this is a distributed vector will form disjoint sets that add up to the complete index set. Obviously, if a vector is created on only one processor, then the result would satisfy

vec.locally_owned_elements() == complete_index_set(vec.size())

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::print ( std::ostream &  out,
const unsigned int  precision = 3,
const bool  scientific = true,
const bool  across = true 
) const
virtual

Print the vector to the output stream out.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
virtual std::size_t LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::memory_consumption ( ) const
virtual

Return the memory consumption of this class in bytes.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
Vector<Number>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator= ( const Number  s)

Sets all elements of the vector to the scalar s. If the scalar is zero, also ghost elements are set to zero, otherwise they remain unchanged.

template<typename Number>
template<typename OtherNumber >
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::add ( const std::vector< size_type > &  indices,
const ::Vector< OtherNumber > &  values 
)

This is a collective add operation that adds a whole set of values stored in values to the vector components specified by indices.

template<typename Number>
template<typename OtherNumber >
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::add ( const size_type  n_elements,
const size_type *  indices,
const OtherNumber *  values 
)

Take an address where n_elements are stored contiguously and add them into the vector.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::sadd ( const Number  s,
const Vector< Number > &  V 
)

Scaling and simple vector addition, i.e. *this = s*(*this)+V.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::sadd ( const Number  s,
const Number  a,
const Vector< Number > &  V,
const Number  b,
const Vector< Number > &  W 
)

Scaling and multiple addition.

This function is deprecated.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::equ ( const Number  a,
const Vector< Number > &  u,
const Number  b,
const Vector< Number > &  v 
)

Assignment *this = a*u + b*v.

This function is deprecated.

template<typename Number>
size_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::local_size ( ) const

Return the local size of the vector, i.e., the number of indices owned locally.

template<typename Number>
std::pair<size_type, size_type> LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::local_range ( ) const

Return the half-open interval that specifies the locally owned range of the vector. Note that local_size() == local_range().second - local_range().first.

This function is deprecated.

template<typename Number>
bool LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::in_local_range ( const size_type  global_index) const

Return true if the given global index is in the local range of this processor.

This function is deprecated.

template<typename Number>
size_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::n_ghost_entries ( ) const

Return the number of ghost elements present on the vector.

This function is deprecated.

template<typename Number>
const IndexSet& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::ghost_elements ( ) const

Return an index set that describes which elements of this vector are not owned by the current processor but can be written into or read from locally (ghost elements).

This function is deprecated.

template<typename Number>
bool LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::is_ghost_entry ( const types::global_dof_index  global_index) const

Return whether the given global index is a ghost index on the present processor. Returns false for indices that are owned locally and for indices not present at all.

This function is deprecated.

template<typename Number>
iterator LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::begin ( )

Make the Vector class a bit like the vector<> class of the C++ standard library by returning iterators to the start and end of the locally owned elements of this vector.

It holds that end() - begin() == local_size().

template<typename Number>
const_iterator LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::begin ( ) const

Return constant iterator to the start of the locally owned elements of the vector.

template<typename Number>
iterator LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::end ( )

Return an iterator pointing to the element past the end of the array of locally owned entries.

template<typename Number>
const_iterator LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::end ( ) const

Return a constant iterator pointing to the element past the end of the array of the locally owned entries.

template<typename Number>
Number LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator() ( const size_type  global_index) const

Read access to the data in the position corresponding to global_index. The index must be either in the local range of the vector or be specified as a ghost index at construction.

Performance: O(1) for locally owned elements that represent a contiguous range and O(log(nranges)) for ghost elements (quite fast, but slower than local_element()).

template<typename Number>
Number& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator() ( const size_type  global_index)

Read and write access to the data in the position corresponding to global_index. The index must be either in the local range of the vector or be specified as a ghost index at construction.

Performance: O(1) for locally owned elements that represent a contiguous range and O(log(nranges)) for ghost elements (quite fast, but slower than local_element()).

template<typename Number>
Number LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator[] ( const size_type  global_index) const

Read access to the data in the position corresponding to global_index. The index must be either in the local range of the vector or be specified as a ghost index at construction.

This function does the same thing as operator().

template<typename Number>
Number& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::operator[] ( const size_type  global_index)

Read and write access to the data in the position corresponding to global_index. The index must be either in the local range of the vector or be specified as a ghost index at construction.

This function does the same thing as operator().

template<typename Number>
Number LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::local_element ( const size_type  local_index) const

Read access to the data field specified by local_index. Locally owned indices can be accessed with indices [0,local_size), and ghost indices with indices [local_size,local_size+ n_ghost_entries].

Performance: Direct array access (fast).

template<typename Number>
Number& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::local_element ( const size_type  local_index)

Read and write access to the data field specified by local_index. Locally owned indices can be accessed with indices [0,local_size), and ghost indices with indices [local_size,local_size+n_ghosts].

Performance: Direct array access (fast).

template<typename Number>
template<typename OtherNumber >
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::extract_subvector_to ( const std::vector< size_type > &  indices,
std::vector< OtherNumber > &  values 
) const

A collective get operation: instead of getting individual elements of a vector, this function allows to get a whole set of elements at once. The indices of the elements to be read are stated in the first argument, the corresponding values are returned in the second.

template<typename Number>
template<typename ForwardIterator , typename OutputIterator >
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::extract_subvector_to ( ForwardIterator  indices_begin,
const ForwardIterator  indices_end,
OutputIterator  values_begin 
) const

Just as the above, but with pointers. Useful in minimizing copying of data around.

template<typename Number>
bool LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::all_zero ( ) const

Return whether the vector contains only elements with value zero. This is a collective operation. This function is expensive, because potentially all elements have to be checked.

template<typename Number>
virtual Number LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::mean_value ( ) const
virtual

Compute the mean value of all the entries in the vector.

Implements LinearAlgebra::VectorSpaceVector< Number >.

template<typename Number>
real_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::lp_norm ( const real_type  p) const

\(l_p\)-norm of the vector. The pth root of the sum of the pth powers of the absolute values of the elements.

template<typename Number>
const MPI_Comm& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::get_mpi_communicator ( ) const

Return a reference to the MPI communicator object in use with this vector.

template<typename Number>
const std_cxx11::shared_ptr<const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner>& LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::get_partitioner ( ) const

Return the MPI partitioner that describes the parallel layout of the vector. This object can be used to initialize another vector with the respective reinit() call, for additional queries regarding the parallel communication, or the compatibility of partitioners.

template<typename Number>
bool LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::partitioners_are_compatible ( const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner part) const

Check whether the given partitioner is compatible with the partitioner used for this vector. Two partitioners are compatible if they have the same local size and the same ghost indices. They do not necessarily need to be the same data field of the shared pointer. This is a local operation only, i.e., if only some processors decide that the partitioning is not compatible, only these processors will return false, whereas the other processors will return true.

template<typename Number>
bool LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::partitioners_are_globally_compatible ( const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner part) const

Check whether the given partitioner is compatible with the partitioner used for this vector. Two partitioners are compatible if they have the same local size and the same ghost indices. They do not necessarily need to be the same data field. As opposed to partitioners_are_compatible(), this method checks for compatibility among all processors and the method only returns true if the partitioner is the same on all processors.

This method performs global communication, so make sure to use it only in a context where all processors call it the same number of times.

template<typename Number>
bool LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::all_zero_local ( ) const
private

Local part of all_zero().

template<typename Number>
template<typename Number2 >
Number LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::inner_product_local ( const Vector< Number2 > &  V) const
private

Local part of the inner product of two vectors.

template<typename Number>
real_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::norm_sqr_local ( ) const
private

Local part of norm_sqr().

template<typename Number>
Number LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::mean_value_local ( ) const
private

Local part of mean_value().

template<typename Number>
real_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::l1_norm_local ( ) const
private

Local part of l1_norm().

template<typename Number>
real_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::lp_norm_local ( const real_type  p) const
private

Local part of lp_norm().

template<typename Number>
real_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::linfty_norm_local ( ) const
private

Local part of linfty_norm().

template<typename Number>
Number LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::add_and_dot_local ( const Number  a,
const Vector< Number > &  V,
const Vector< Number > &  W 
)
private

Local part of the addition followed by an inner product of two vectors.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::clear_mpi_requests ( )
private

A helper function that clears the compress_requests and update_ghost_values_requests field. Used in reinit functions.

template<typename Number>
void LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::resize_val ( const size_type  new_allocated_size)
private

A helper function that is used to resize the val array.

Friends And Related Function Documentation

template<typename Number>
template<typename Number2 >
friend class Vector
friend

Typedef for the vector type used.

Definition at line 1125 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
template<typename Number2 >
friend class BlockVector
friend

Make BlockVector type friends.

Typedef for the type used to describe vectors that consist of multiple blocks.

Definition at line 1130 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

Member Data Documentation

template<typename Number>
const bool LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::supports_distributed_data = true
static

A variable that indicates whether this vector supports distributed data storage. If true, then this vector also needs an appropriate compress() function that allows communicating recent set or add operations to individual elements to be communicated to other processors.

For the current class, the variable equals true, since it does support parallel data storage.

Deprecated:
instead of using this variable, please use the type trait value is_serial_vector< VectorType >::value

Definition at line 203 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
std_cxx11::shared_ptr<const Utilities::MPI::Partitioner> LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::partitioner
private

Shared pointer to store the parallel partitioning information. This information can be shared between several vectors that have the same partitioning.

Definition at line 1052 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
size_type LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::allocated_size
private

The size that is currently allocated in the val array.

Definition at line 1057 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
Number* LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::val
private

Pointer to the array of local elements of this vector.

Definition at line 1062 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
std_cxx11::shared_ptr< ::parallel::internal::TBBPartitioner> LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::thread_loop_partitioner
mutableprivate

For parallel loops with TBB, this member variable stores the affinity information of loops.

Definition at line 1068 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
Number* LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::import_data
mutableprivate

Temporary storage that holds the data that is sent to this processor in compress() or sent from this processor in update_ghost_values.

Definition at line 1075 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
bool LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::vector_is_ghosted
mutableprivate

Stores whether the vector currently allows for reading ghost elements or not. Note that this is to ensure consistent ghost data and does not indicate whether the vector actually can store ghost elements. In particular, when assembling a vector we do not allow reading elements, only writing them.

Definition at line 1084 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
std::vector<MPI_Request> LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::compress_requests
private

A vector that collects all requests from compress() operations. This class uses persistent MPI communicators, i.e., the communication channels are stored during successive calls to a given function. This reduces the overhead involved with setting up the MPI machinery, but it does not remove the need for a receive operation to be posted before the data can actually be sent.

Definition at line 1095 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
std::vector<MPI_Request> LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::update_ghost_values_requests
mutableprivate

A vector that collects all requests from update_ghost_values() operations. This class uses persistent MPI communicators.

Definition at line 1101 of file la_parallel_vector.h.

template<typename Number>
Threads::Mutex LinearAlgebra::distributed::Vector< Number >::mutex
mutableprivate

A lock that makes sure that the compress and update_ghost_values functions give reasonable results also when used with several threads.

Definition at line 1109 of file la_parallel_vector.h.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following file: